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BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. METHODS At 13 clinical centers throughout the United States, we enrolled 158 patients(More)
PURPOSE The optimal treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a challenge because the pathogenesis of SSc is unclear and it is an uncommon and clinically heterogeneous disease affecting multiple organ systems. The aim of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) was to develop evidence-based,(More)
OBJECTIVE The 1980 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc) lack sensitivity for early SSc and limited cutaneous SSc. The present work, by a joint committee of the ACR and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), was undertaken for the purpose of developing new classification criteria for SSc. (More)
OBJECTIVE Using data from 3 independent studies, to quantify the interobserver reliability of semi-quantitative skin scoring methods (the original and the modified Rodnan skin thickness scores) used to assess the degree and extent of cutaneous thickening in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHOD Interobserver variability of the original Rodnan skin thickness(More)
OBJECTIVE Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) may play a critical role in systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related interstitial lung disease (ILD), and imatinib is a potent inhibitor of TGFβ and PDGF production. In this 1-year, phase I/IIa open-label pilot study of imatinib in patients with SSc-related active ILD, our(More)
OBJECTIVE The reported frequency of scleroderma M01-R renal crisis (SRC) in diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is 15-20%. Early use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has markedly improved outcome. The present analysis reexamines the prognostic factors for and outcome of SRC in a prospective cohort of patients with early diffuse(More)
RATIONALE The Scleroderma Lung Study enrolled 158 patients with scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease in a placebo-controlled trial of oral cyclophosphamide (CYC). Although treatment-related benefits in pulmonary function, skin scores, and patient-centered outcomes were demonstrated after 1 year of therapy, the duration of benefit beyond 1 year was(More)
The effects of corticosteroid given in vivo on human lymphocyte subpopulation function were investigated using an in vitro system of pokeweek mitogen-stimulated immunoglobulin production. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were obtained from normal volunteers before and 4 h after the intravenous administration of methylprednisolone. Unfractioned peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVE .Sclerodactyly with acroosteolysis (AO) and calcinosis are prominent features of systemic sclerosis (SSc), but the pathogenesis of these findings is poorly understood. Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) have a crucial role in bone metabolism and resorption and may affect AO and calcinosis. We assessed vitamin D and PTH in patients with SSc.(More)
Structural or functional abnormalities of the distal esophagus were demonstrated by cineradiography in 14 of 16 patients with polymyositis or dermatomyositis who had been incompletely responsive to high dose corticosteroids and, in some cases, immunosuppressive therapy, or who had adverse effects associated with these therapies. These distal abnormalities(More)