Philip J. Bergmann

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Body shape has a fundamental impact on organismal function, but it is unknown how functional morphology and locomotor performance and kinematics relate across a diverse array of body shapes. We showed that although patterns of body shape evolution differed considerably between lizards of the Phrynosomatinae and Lerista, patterns of locomotor evolution(More)
Although studied in many taxa, directional macroevolution remains difficult to detect and quantify. We present an approach for detecting directional evolution in subclades of species when relatively few species are sampled, and apply it to studying the evolution of stockiness in Phrynosomatine lizards. Our approach is more sensitive to detecting the tempo(More)
The allometry of weapons and other conspicuous structures has long fascinated biologists. Recently, a debate has arisen about the roles of sexual and natural selection in driving the allometry of structures, with some authors suggesting that positive allometry is exclusively the result of sexual selection. Although some studies, often focusing on weapons,(More)
The effect of tail autotomy on locomotor performance has been studied in a number of lizard species. Most of these studies (65%) show that tail autotomy has a negative effect on sprint speed, some studies (26%) show no effect of autotomy on sprint speed, and a few (9%) show a positive effect of autotomy on sprint speed. A variety of hypotheses have been(More)
We studied performance and kinematics of the diurnal gekkonid lizard Phelsuma dubia while running vertically on a smooth surface at different temperatures. Trials were conducted at 5 degrees C intervals from 15 degrees C to 35 degrees C. High-speed video recordings and digitization were used to obtain measures of instantaneous velocity, acceleration,(More)
The ovarian renin-angiotensin system is involved in various aspects of human reproduction. As immunoreactive measurement of angiotensin II (ANG II) in follicular fluid (FF) relates to several angiotensin peptides with different biological activities, HPLC was used to characterize the molecular forms of the ANG II immunoreactivity in human FF. Samples of FF,(More)
Despite the pervasive occurrence of segmental morphologies in the animal kingdom, the study of segmental growth is almost entirely lacking, but may have significant implications for understanding the development of these organisms. We investigate the segmental and regional growth of the entire vertebral column of the rat (Rattus norvegicus) by fitting a(More)
The vertebrate musculoskeletal system is composed of skeletal levers powered by muscles. Effective mechanical advantage (EMA) and muscle properties influence organismal performance at various tasks. Anatomical mechanical advantage (AMA) is a proxy for EMA that facilitates the study of preserved specimens when many muscles or many species are of interest.(More)
Performance capacity influences ecology, behavior and fitness, and is determined by the underlying phenotype. The phenotype-performance relationship can influence the evolutionary trajectory of an organism. Several types of phenotype-performance relationships have been described, including one-to-one relationships between a single phenotypic trait and(More)
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