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Association between protein inclusions and neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, and polyglutamine disorders, has been widely documented. Although ubiquitin is conjugated to many of these aggregated proteins, the 26S proteasome does not efficiently degrade them. Mutations in the ubiquitin-protein ligase Parkin are(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time PCR is increasingly being adopted for RNA quantification and genetic analysis. At present the most popular real-time PCR assay is based on the hybridisation of a dual-labelled probe to the PCR product, and the development of a signal by loss of fluorescence quenching as PCR degrades the probe. Though this so-called 'TaqMan' approach has(More)
We recently reported the identification of a RING finger-containing protein, HHARI (human homologue of Drosophila ariadne), which binds to the human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UbcH7 in vitro. We now demonstrate that HHARI interacts and co-localizes with UbcH7 in mammalian cells, particularly in the perinuclear region. We have further defined a minimal(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common age-related neurodegenerative disease, results in abnormalities in motor functioning. Many fundamental questions regarding its aetiology remain unanswered. Pathologically, it is not until 70-80% of the dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra pars compacta are lost before clinical symptoms are observed.(More)
Aggresomes are associated with many neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease, and polyglutamine disorders such as Huntington's disease. These inclusions commonly contain ubiquitylated proteins. The stage at which these proteins are ubiquitylated remains unclear. A malfunction of the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) may be associated with(More)
Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are the most common neurodegenerative conditions associated with the ageing process. The pathology of these and other neurodegenerative disorders, including polyglutamine diseases, is characterised by the presence of inclusion bodies in brain tissue of affected patients. In general, these inclusion bodies consist(More)
Mutations in the presenilin-1 (PS-1) and presenilin-2 (PS-2) genes account for the majority of cases of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Alternative splicing forms of the PS-1 and PS-2 gene products have previously been reported in fibroblast and brain tissue from both familial and sporadic AD patients, as well as from normal tissues and cell(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is characteristic of many neurodegenerative diseases. The Parkinson's disease-associated ubiquitin-protein ligase, Parkin, is important in the elimination of damaged mitochondria by autophagy (mitophagy) in a multistep process. Here, we show that a Parkin RING domain mutant (C289G) fails to redistribute to damaged mitochondria and(More)
The quakingviable mouse (qkv) is a spontaneous recessive mouse mutant with a deletion of approximately 1.1 Mb in the proximal region of chromosome 17. The deletion affects the expression of three genes; quaking (Qk), Parkin-coregulated gene (Pacrg) and parkin (Park2). The resulting phenotype, which includes dysmyelination of the central nervous system and(More)
An intrinsic component of colorectal carcinogenesis may be the capacity to activate regenerative responses simultaneously with inhibition of apoptosis. Since apoptosis is known to be inhibited in colorectal cancer, this study sought evidence for the activation of the REG family of genes which are considered to be activated during regeneration of intestinal(More)