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A classification of anal fistulas is presented, which is the result of an analysis of 400 cases treated over the past 15 years, based on the pathogenesis of the disease and the normal muscular anatomy of the pelvic floor. Four main types were found but numerous variations of each occur, which are described. It is hoped that this will alert the surgeon to(More)
BACKGROUND The conviction that postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy represent an acceptable standard of care for patients with Dukes' B (stage II) and Dukes' C (stage III) carcinoma of the rectum evolved in the absence of data from clinical trials designed to determine whether the addition of radiotherapy results in improved disease-free survival and(More)
To determine whether primary fistulotomy should be performed at the time of incision and drainage of anorectal abscesses, a retrospective study of 117 patients who underwent incision and drainage of anorectal abscesses was conducted to ascertain what percentage of patients would subsequently develop a fistula-in-ano or recurrent abscess. None of the(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive tasks in the workplace are one cause of injury. This study aimed to identify injuries specific to physicians routinely performing colonoscopy, and to identify prevention strategies. METHODS A survey was sent to all 2,173 worldwide members of the American Society for Colon and Rectal Surgery to investigate injuries or disabilities(More)
This study was to assess the effect of stapled colorectal anastomoses on local recurrence, disease-free survival, and survival following curative resection for Dukes' B and C adenocarcinoma. Data were derived from two randomized prospective trials of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project designed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant(More)
BACKGROUND Initial nonoperative management of diverticular abscess has become the standard of care; however, the need for elective resection after this index episode is unclear. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcomes of expectant management after initial nonoperative treatment of diverticular abscess. DESIGN This was a(More)
BACKGROUND Distal adenomas have been considered markers of proximal neoplasms. It also has been suggested that patients with small, distal adenomas do not require proximal examination of the colon. This study was conducted to determine the validity of the latter recommendation. METHODS From a total of 5,132 colonoscopies performed between 1976 and 1999,(More)
Lynch syndrome is one of the most common autosomal dominantly inherited cancer syndromes. Mutations in MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 account for greater than 98% of reported mutations in Lynch syndrome families. It has been reported that large genomic deletions in MLH1 and MSH2 are a frequent cause of Lynch syndrome in certain populations. Using a multimodal(More)
This review of the literature on small bowel carcinoma associated with Crohn's disease specifically addresses the incidence, risk factors, and protective factors which have been identified. It also reviews the clinical presentation, the current modalities of diagnosis, the pathology, treatment, and surveillance. Finally, the prognosis and future direction(More)
BACKGROUND Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a major cause of morbidity and financial expenditure in hospitals around the world. The leading cause of SBO in the western world has become adhesions. The goal of this study was to determine the causes of SBO. METHODS The medical records of all patients admitted to one hospital between 1986 and 1996 with the(More)