Learn More
Epithelial cell lines from the proximal tubule of SHR and WKY rats were generated by microdissection, cell growth on 3T3 cell feeder layers, and transduction of the SV40 large T-antigen gene. The cell lines that formed confluent, electrically-resistive monolayers (basal conductance 1 to 20 mS/cm2) were selected for further study. Of these, cell lines(More)
CLIC1 is a chloride channel whose cellular role remains uncertain. The distribution of CLIC1 in normal tissues is largely unknown and conflicting data have been reported regarding the cellular membrane fraction in which CLIC1 resides. New antisera to CLIC1 were generated and were found to be sensitive and specific for detecting this protein. These antisera(More)
These studies were undertaken to determine whether term human placental microvillus plasma membranes, which are exposed to maternal blood, and basolateral plasma membranes, which are in close proximity to fetal blood capillaries, contain receptors for epidermal growth factor (EGF). These two highly purified membranes bound 125I-EGF with similar affinity(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is a single chain polypeptide hormone of 50 amino acids that stimulates growth of some human cancer cells via an autocrine mechanism. The domain(s) of TGF-alpha that bind and activate its receptor have not been reported. Hydrophilicity plots of TGF-alpha indicate three discrete sequences that are theoretically(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) are potent mitogens for normal cells of ectodermal and mesodermal origin. Evidence is accumulating that suggests that EGF, TGF alpha and their common receptor (EGF/TGF alpha-R) influence development and functioning of tissues of the central nervous system (CNS). To further(More)
Treatment of rabbit corneal wounds with topical corticosteroid retards both epithelial regeneration and healing of penetrating stromal wounds. Currently, no clinical agent is available which accelerates the rate of stromal wound healing. Epidermal growth factor (EGF, 0.5 mg ml-1), fibroblast growth factor (FGF, 20 micrograms ml-1), and insulin (0.5 mg ml-1)(More)
Human proximal tubule epithelial cell lines are potentially useful models to elucidate the complex cellular and molecular details of water and electrolyte homeostasis in the kidney. Samples of normal adult human kidney tissue were obtained from surgical specimens, and S1 segments of proximal convoluted tubules were microdissected, placed on collagen-coated(More)
Cellular localization and trafficking of the major angiotensin receptor, AT1, was studied in mouse proximal tubule cell lines because angiotensin II concentrations in the luminal fluid of proximal tubules are greater than the K(d) of the receptor and would predict high turnover rates of the receptor. Mouse proximal tubule cells can exist in 2 polarized,(More)
Cytokine-mediated phosphorylation of Erk (pErk), ribosomal S6 (pS6), and Stat5 (pStat5) in CD34(+)/CD117(+) blast cells in normal bone marrow from 9 healthy adult donors were analyzed over 60 minutes. Treatment with stem cell factor (SCF), Flt3-ligand (FL), IL-3, and GM-CSF and measurement by multiparametric flow cytometry yielded distinctive, highly(More)
Human corneal endothelial cells (HCEC) do not mitose extensively in vivo after damage to the endothelial layer. However, HCEC will divide in vitro if cultured under appropriate conditions. We measured the ability of various sera, plasma, growth factors, and nutritional substances to stimulate mitosis of HCEC during 5 days of organ culture after a central(More)