Philip G Wood

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The effect of footshock stress on the induction phase of sensitization to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) introduced intraperitoneally was studied in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were shocked at Days -1, 0, 1, and 3 relative to sensitization with 50 micrograms KLH and 14 days later were intradermally injected with 25 micrograms KLH or were(More)
In this study we evaluated effects of an acute experimental stressor on beta 2-adrenoceptor density and examined the relationships of baseline receptor density to cardiovascular reactions induced by stress. In addition, we investigated whether any observed alterations in receptor density were associated with concomitant redistribution of circulating(More)
Peptide YY (PYY) inhibits CCK-8-secretin-stimulated pancreatic secretion in vivo. To investigate whether CCK-8-secretin-stimulated pancreatic secretion is mediated through a vago-vagal pathway and whether PYY inhibits this pathway through the area postrema (AP), chronic pancreatic, biliary, and duodenal catheters were implanted in AP-lesioned (APX) or(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of glucoprivation, as induced by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) administration, on lymphocyte mitogen reactivity in Sprague-Dawley rats. The results showed that a single injection of 2-DG decreased reactivity in both whole-blood and spleen lymphocytes, as determined by mitogenic stimulation to concanavalin A (Con A)(More)
Mild electric foot-shock has been shown to be a stressor that can alter immune responses. Male Lewis rats were exposed to one session of 16 5.0-s 1.6-mA foot-shocks. Production of interferon-gamma by splenocytes in response to concanavalin-A was decreased in spleens from the shocked rats compared to control spleens. Spleen cells from rats treated with(More)
The present study examined stressor interactions with genotype and light/dark cycle. Male Brown Norway (BN), Fischer 344 (F344), Lewis (from two different vendors: Lew/CR and Lew/H) and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were exposed to footshock either in the early light or early dark circadian phase. Immediately after footshock, the spleen and whole blood(More)
Amphetamine, a neural stimulatory agent with acute effects mimicking those of stress, is shown here to elevate plasma corticosterone levels and suppress spleen and peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) mitogenic responses to concanavalin A (Con A) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) when administered to rats. Pretreatment of the rats with propranolol, a nonselective(More)
Circulating PP binds to specific receptors in the DVC through the AP, but the mechanism through which these brain receptors affect pancreatic secretion is not clear. We hypothesize that the removal of the AP (APX) will alter the effects of PP on pancreatic secretion. APX or sham procedures were performed in anesthetized male Wistar rats. After a 1-month(More)
Kinetic properties of the Na-Ca exchanger (guinea pig NCX1) expressed in Xenopus oocytes were investigated by patch clamp techniques and photolytic Ca(2+) concentration jumps. Current measured in oocyte membranes expressing NCX1 is almost indistinguishable from current measured in patches derived from cardiac myocytes. In the Ca-Ca exchange mode, a(More)
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