Philip G. Ashton-Rickardt

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The transporter associated with the antigen processing 1 (TAP1) gene encodes a subunit for a transporter, presumed to be involved in the delivery of peptides across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane to class I molecules. We have generated mice with a disrupted TAP1 gene using embryonic stem cell technology. TAP1-deficient mice are defective in the stable(More)
How cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) kill intracellular pathogens without killing themselves has been a recurring question ever since their discovery. By using mice deficient in Serine Protease Inhibitor 6 (Spi6), we show that by inhibiting granzyme B (GrB), Spi6 protects CTLs from self-inflicted injury. Infection with either Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis(More)
Protective CD8(+) T cell-mediated immunity requires a massive expansion in cell number and the development of long-lived memory cells. Using forward genetics in mice, we identified an orphan protein named lymphocyte expansion molecule (LEM) that promoted antigen-dependent CD8(+) T cell proliferation, effector function, and memory cell generation in response(More)
Mice deficient in the gene encoding the peptide transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP1) have drastically reduced levels of surface expression of MHC class I molecules and few CD8+ T cells. Addition of class I binding peptides to cultured fetal thymi from TAP1 mutant mice invariably allowed the rescue of class I expression, while only some of(More)
Positive and negative selection of a lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) peptide-specific, H-2Db-restricted T cell clone (P14) was studied using TAP1- and TAP1+ mice transgenic for P14 T cell receptor (TCR) alpha and beta genes. Positive selection of transgenic CD8+ P14 cells was impaired in TAP1- mice. Addition of the LCMV peptide to TAP1- fetal(More)
A central question in immunology is the origin of long-lived T cell memory that confers protection against recurrent infection. The differentiation of naïve T cell receptor transgenic CD8+ cells into effector cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and memory CD8+ cells was studied. Memory CD8+ cells that were generated after strong antigenic stimulation were the(More)
T cells detect infection of cells by recognizing peptide fragments of foreign proteins bound to class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on the surface of the infected cell. MHC class I molecules bind peptide in the endoplasmic reticulum, and analysis of mutant cells has demonstrated that an adequate supply of peptides requires the(More)
The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) delivers peptides to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum in an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) dependent fashion for presentation by major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. We show that the mouse TAP translocator (H-2b haplotype) selects peptides based on a minimal size of nine residues,(More)
Granzyme B (grB) is a serine proteinase released by cytotoxic lymphocytes (CLs) to kill abnormal cells. GrB-mediated apoptotic pathways are conserved in nucleated cells; hence, CLs require mechanisms to protect against ectopic or misdirected grB. The nucleocytoplasmic serpin, proteinase inhibitor 9 (PI-9), is a potent inhibitor of grB that protects cells(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) and its cell surface receptor (EPOR) are essential for red blood cell production and exert important cytoprotective effects on select vascular, immune, and cancer cells. To discover novel EPO action modes, we profiled the transcriptome of primary erythroid progenitors. We report Serpina3g/Spi2A as a major new EPO/EPOR target for the(More)
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