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The antitumor effects of the multifunctional iron-binding glycoprotein, lactoferrin (Lf), were investigated. Lf inhibited growth in mice of transplantable solid tumors induced by v-ras transformed fibroblasts and a methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma. Lf also substantially reduced lung colonization (experimental metastasis) by B16-F10 melanoma cells in(More)
Lactoferrin, an iron-binding glycoprotein found in high concentrations in human milk and other epithelial secretions and in the secondary (specific) granules of neutrophils, is thought to be responsible for primary defence against microbial infection, mainly as a result of lactoferrin sequestration of iron required for microbial growth. Many other functions(More)
Human and bovine lactoferrins (Lfs) and bovine lactoferrin hydrolysate (LH) were assessed in vitro and in vivo for their antibacterial effects on Staphylococcus aureus. Lactoferrins showed weak in vitro antibacterial activity while Fe-saturated Lfs and LH showed no activity. Lactoferrin-treated mice (1 mg, i.v.) when injected i.v. with 10(6) staphylococci,(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the cytokine interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) significantly potentiates the antitumor activity of a variety of chemotherapeutic agents, including cisplatin (cDDP). In studies described here, we examined the potential of combining IL-1 alpha and the platinum analogue carboplatin (CBDCA) and compared the schedule-dependent(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) selectively kills tumor cells in vitro and in vivo and is being tested as a cancer therapeutic agent. We have shown that TNF-alpha significantly suppresses late-stage erythropoiesis, leading to anemia in chronically treated mice. These erythropoietic effects could limit the clinical use of TNF-alpha. Therefore, we(More)
Multiple forms of lactoferrin (Lf) were detected in granulocytes isolated from normal individuals and patients with granulocytic leukemias. One class of Lfs bound iron; a second class did not bind iron but possessed potent ribonuclease activity. The different forms of Lf were similar, if not identical, in their physical, chemical, and antigenic properties.(More)
In the present studies, the regulatory role of adrenal hormones on the antitumor activity of recombinant human interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) was investigated. Ketoconazole, a potent but transient inhibitor of adrenal steroid hormone biosynthesis, inhibited IL-1 alpha induced increases in plasma corticosterone. In s.c. RIF-1 tumors (C3H/HeJ mice)(More)
Lactoferrin (Lf), the major iron-binding component of milk, also a major constituent of the specific granules of neutrophils involved in antimicrobial activity and a glycoprotein thought to play a role in regulatory functions in the hematopoietic system as well as other physiologic activities, is shown to occur in three isoforms. One, Lf-alpha, binds iron;(More)
Macrophages have been shown to directly influence the growth and development of mature erythroid progenitors (CFU-E) in normal and erythroleukemic mice. We examined the mechanism by which macrophages mediate their effect on in vivo erythropoiesis. As reported for whole macrophages, serum-free supernatants (SN) from normal resident peritoneal macrophages(More)