Philip Fireman

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State and trait negative affect (NA) were measured in healthy people immediately before an illness was induced through exposure to a respiratory virus. State NA, disease-specific health complaints (e.g., runny nose, congestion, and sneezing), and an associated objective marker of disease severity (mucus secretion weights) were assessed daily during the(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleotropic cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of local inflammation during viral upper respiratory infections. This study determined if experimental influenza A virus infection causes local IL-6 production. Seventeen healthy, adult subjects were intranasally inoculated, by course drops, with a safety-tested strain of influenza(More)
Otitis media and otitis media with effusion are among the most common childhood illnesses and contribute a great deal to health care costs. The cause of otitis media is multifactorial. Eustachian tube dysfunction, bacterial or viral infection of the middle ear, and nasal inflammation resulting from allergic rhinitis or upper respiratory infection are(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Clinical trials of asthma treatments usually use measures of asthma control to assess efficacy. However, it is also important to determine whether patients themselves benefit from interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life in patients with asthma switched from conventional chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)(More)
Acute asthma is considered to be a complication of respiratory viral infections. This investigation assessed the effects of rhinovirus 39 (RV-39) infection both on the patency and responsiveness of the lower airways. Subjects with allergic rhinitis (AR; n = 50) and without AR (non-AR; n = 46) were intranasally inoculated with RV-39, and monitored for 8 days(More)
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is common in children, although it can occur at any age. Allergies probably contribute to the development of OME, with other major risk factors being bacterial infection and eustachian tube obstruction (ETO). We have demonstrated that patients with allergic rhinitis often develop ETO when challenged with allergens;(More)
The in vivo absorption potential of ipratropium bromide nasal spray was evaluated in studies involving healthy volunteers (0.03%, 0.06%, and 0.12% dosage strengths) and patients with perennial rhinitis (0.03% and 0.06%) and the common cold (0.06%). The dose used was two sprays per nostril, corresponding to a total dose of 84 micrograms, 168 micrograms, and(More)
Sinusitis, an inflammatory disease of the sinus, is one of the most commonly reported diseases in the United States, affecting an estimated 14% of the population. The prevalence of sinusitis is rising. Between 1990 and 1992, persons with sinusitis reported approximately 73 million restricted activity days--an increase from the 50 million restricted activity(More)