Philip E. Brandish

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The molecular and neuronal substrates conferring on clozapine its unique and superior efficacy in the treatment of schizophrenia remain elusive. The interaction of clozapine with many G protein-coupled receptors is well documented but less is known about its biologically active metabolite, N-desmethylclozapine. Recent clinical and preclinical evidences of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) functions as a signaling agent by activation of the soluble isoform of guanylate cyclase (sGC), a heterodimeric hemoprotein. NO binds to the heme of sGC and triggers formation of cGMP from GTP. Here we report direct kinetic measurements of the multistep binding of NO to sGC and correlate these presteady state events with activation of(More)
Enzymes of the membrane cycle of reactions in bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis remain as unexploited potential targets for antibacterial agents. The first of these enzymes, phospho-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide-translocase (EC, has been overexpresed in Escherichia coli and solubilized from particulate fractions. The work of W.A. Weppner and(More)
Phospho-N-acetyl-muramyl-pentapeptide translocase (translocase 1) catalyzes the first of a sequence of lipid-linked steps that ultimately assemble the peptidoglycan layer of the bacterial cell wall. This essential enzyme is the target of several natural product antibiotics and has recently been the focus of antimicrobial drug discovery programs. The(More)
Using a continuous fluorescence-based enzyme assay, we have characterized the antibacterial agents tumicamycin and liposidomycin B as inhibitors of solubilized Escherichia coli phospho-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide translocase. Tunicamycin exhibited reversible inhibition (Ki = 0.55 +/- 0.1 microM) which was noncompetitive with respect to the lipid acceptor(More)
The heme in soluble guanylate cyclases (sGC) as isolated is ferrous, high-spin, and 5-coordinate. [1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo-[4, 3-a]quinoxalin-1-one] (ODQ) has been used extensively as a specific inhibitor for sGC and as a diagnostic tool for identifying a role for sGC in signal transduction events. Addition of ODQ to ferrous sGC leads to a Soret shift from 431(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) catalyzes the conversion of GTP to cGMP and is activated several hundred-fold by binding of nitric oxide (*NO) to the heme prosthetic group. We have examined the stability of the nitrosyl-heme complex of sGC (*NO-sGC) at 37 degreesC in order to determine whether simple dissociation of *NO from sGC could account for the(More)
Lithium inhibits inositol monophosphatase at therapeutically effective concentrations, and it has been hypothesized that depletion of brain inositol levels is an important chemical alteration for lithium's therapeutic efficacy in bipolar disorder. We have employed adult rat cortical slices as a model to investigate the gene regulatory consequences of(More)
The phosphatidylinositol turnover assay is used widely to measure activation, and inhibition, of G(q)-linked G-protein-coupled receptors. Cells expressing the receptor of interest are labeled by feeding with tritiated myo-inositol. The label is incorporated into cellular phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which, upon agonist binding to the receptor, is(More)
The peptidoglycan layer of bacterial cell walls is biosynthesised using a lipid carrier undecaprenyl phosphate to assemble and transport the MurNAc(GlcNAc)-pentapeptide precursor. Similar lipid-linked cycles are involved in the biosynthesis of other bacterial exopolysaccharides and eukaryotic asparagine-linked glycoproteins, the latter involving the(More)