Philip E. Auron

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Recent studies have initiated a paradigm shift in the understanding of the function of heat shock proteins (HSP). It is now clear that HSP can and do exit mammalian cells, interact with cells of the immune system, and exert immunoregulatory effects. We recently demonstrated that exogenously added HSP70 possesses potent cytokine activity, with the ability to(More)
Macrophages activated by the Gram-negative bacterial product lipopolysaccharide switch their core metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis. Here we show that inhibition of glycolysis with 2-deoxyglucose suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced interleukin-1β but not tumour-necrosis factor-α in mouse macrophages. A comprehensive metabolic map of(More)
Transcription factor (TF) proteins recognize a small number of DNA sequences with high specificity and control the expression of neighbouring genes. The evolution of TF binding preference has been the subject of a number of recent studies, in which generalized binding profiles have been introduced and used to improve the prediction of new target sites.(More)
gp130-linked cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) stimulate the formation of tyrosine-phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (P-STAT3), which activates many genes, including the STAT3 gene itself. The resulting increase in the concentration of unphosphorylated STAT3 (U-STAT3) drives a second wave of expression of genes such as(More)
The C/EBP family of proteins represents an important group of bZIP transcription factors that are key to the regulation of essential functions such as cell cycle, hematopoiesis, skeletal development, and host immune responses. They are also intimately associated with tumorigenesis and viral disease. These proteins are regulated at multiple levels, including(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a protein with several biological activities regulating host defense and immune responses. We report here the isolation of human IL-1 cDNA. It encodes a precursor polypeptide of 269 amino acids (30,747 Mr). mRNA isolated by hybridization to this cDNA was translated in a reticulocyte cell-free system, yielding immunoprecipitable IL-1.(More)
The process through which multipotential hematopoietic cells commit to distinct lineages involves the induction of specific transcription factors. PU.1 (also known as Spi-1) and GATA-1 are transcription factors essential for the development of myeloid and erythroid lineages, respectively. Overexpression of PU.1 and GATA-1 can block differentiation in(More)
Heat shock factor (HSF) 1 is the major heat shock transcription factor that regulates stress-inducible synthesis of heat shock proteins and is also essential in protection against endotoxic shock. Following our previous study, which demonstrated the transcriptional repression of the IL-1beta gene by HSF1 (Cahill, C. M., Waterman, W. R., Xie, Y., Auron, P.(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) delivers a stimulatory signal which increases the expression of a set of genes by modulating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. The IL-1 receptors are transmembrane glycoproteins which lack a catalytic domain. The C-terminal portion of the type I IL-1 receptor (IL-IRI) is essential for IL-1 signalling and for IL-1 dependent activation(More)
Heat shock factor 1 activates the promoters of heat shock genes at elevated temperatures through its interaction with heat shock elements. We have examined a new role for heat shock factor 1 in the repression of the prointerleukin 1beta gene in human monocytes responding to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Both exposure to elevated temperatures and(More)