Philip E. Agre

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Recent research in artificial intelligence has developed computational theories of agents’ involvements in their environments. Although inspired by a great diversity of formalisms and architectures, these research projects are unified by a common concern: using principled characterizations of agents’ interactions with their environments to guide analysis of(More)
By allowing any social institution to structure activity in any place, wireless information services break down the traditional mapping between institutions and places. This phenomenon greatly complicates the analysis of context for purposes of designing context-aware computing systems. Context has a physical, architectural aspect, but most aspects of(More)
We argue that the analysis of agent/environment interactions should be extended to include the conventions and invariants maintained by agents throughout their activity. We refer to this thicker notion of environment as a lifeworld and present a partial set of formal tools for describing structures of lifeworlds and the ways in which they computationally(More)
Vera and Simon (1993) wish to choose up sides between two schools of research in cognitive science, their own symbolic approach versus a loosely associated group of authors concerned with "situated action" or "SA". I can understand Vera and Simon's need to treat these authors collectively, and I am sure they can understand any discomfort the authors might(More)
Research on the Internet’s role in politics has struggled to transcend technological determinism—the assumption, often inadvertent, that the technology simply imprints its own logic on social relationships. An alternative approach traces the ways, often numerous, inwhich an institution’s participants appropriate the technology in the service of goals,(More)