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The problem of pose estimation arises in many areas of computer vision, including object recognition, object tracking, site inspection and updating, and autonomous navigation when scene models are available. We present a new algorithm, called SoftPOSIT, for determining the pose of a 3D object from a single 2D image when correspondences between object points(More)
We present a new robust line matching algorithm for solving the model-to-image registration problem. Given a model consisting of 3D lines and a cluttered perspective image of this model, the algorithm simultaneously estimates the pose of the model and the correspondences of model lines to image lines. The algorithm combines softassign for determining(More)
We present an object recognition algorithm that uses model and image line features to locate complex objects in high clutter environments. Finding correspondences between model and image features is the main challenge in most object recognition systems. In our approach, corresponding line features are determined by a three-stage process. The first stage(More)
Localization and modeling of stairways by mobile robots can enable multi-floor exploration for those platforms capable of stair traversal. Existing approaches focus on either stairway detection or traversal, but do not address these problems in the context of path planning for the autonomous exploration of multi-floor buildings. We propose a system for(More)
Building facade detection is an important problem in computer vision, with applications in mobile robotics and semantic scene understanding. In particular, mobile platform localization and guidance in urban environments can be enabled with an accurate segmentation of the various building facades in a scene. Toward that end, we present a system for(More)
Accurately determining the position and orientation of an observer (a vehicle or a human) in outdoor urban environments is an important and challenging problem. The standard approach is to use the Global Positioning System (GPS), but this system performs poorly near tall buildings where line of sight to a sufficient number of satellites cannot be obtained.(More)
Boosting has been widely used for discriminative modeling of objects in images. Conventionally, pixel- and patch-based features have been used, but recently, features defined on multilevel aggregate regions were incorporated into the boosting framework, and demonstrated significant improvement in object labeling tasks. In this paper, we further extend the(More)
Many robotics platforms are capable of ascending stairways, but all existing approaches for autonomous stair climbing use stairway detection as a trigger for immediate traversal. In the broader context of autonomous exploration, the ability to travel between floors of a building should be compatible with path planning, such that the robot can traverse a(More)
During the last half decade, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have triumphed over semantic segmentation, which is a core task of various emerging industrial applications such as autonomous driving and medical imaging. However, to train CNNs requires a huge amount of data, which is difficult to collect and laborious to annotate. Recent advances in(More)