Philip D. Marley

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The possibility that pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter has been investigated in the taenia of the guinea-pig caecum. The action of PACAP on muscle contractility and its ability to alter levels of adenosine-3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and guanosine-3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) were(More)
Synthesis of total protein and of transthyretin in rat choroid plexus was studied by measuring the incorporation of radioactive leucine into proteins in choroid plexus tissue incubated in vitro. About 20% of the protein newly synthesized in choroid plexus and about 50% of the newly synthesized protein secreted into the medium was transthyretin. Evidently,(More)
The small GTPase Rho and its downstream effector Rho-kinase contribute to agonist-induced vascular contraction via Ca2+ sensitization. Reasonably selective pharmacological inhibitors of these proteins have been developed and are now widely used experimentally to investigate the role of this signaling pathway in vascular function. Rho and Rho-kinase have(More)
1. The effect of histamine on cellular cyclic AMP levels in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells has been studied. 2. Histamine (0.3-30 microM) increased cyclic AMP levels transiently, with a maximal response after 5 min, a smaller response after 20 min, and no increase seen after 80 or 180 min. The EC50 at 5 min was approximately 2 microM. Histamine had(More)
The current study has investigated the electrophysiological responses evoked by histamine in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells using perforated-patch techniques. Histamine caused a transient hyperpolarization followed by a sustained depolarization of 7.2 +/- 1.4 mV associated with an increase in spontaneous action potential frequency. The hyperpolarization(More)
Primary cultures of bovine adrenal medullary cells have been used to study the effects of angiotensin II on catecholamine secretion and inositol phosphate accumulation. Angiotensin II induced a weak secretion of both adrenaline and noradrenaline, with a threshold of 10-100 pM and a shallow concentration-dependence up to 10 microM. The response was fully(More)
The possible role of Ca++/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAM-K-II) in the nicotinic activation of tyrosine hydroxylase in intact cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells has been investigated. Over the concentration range 3-30 microM, KN62, a specific CAM-K-II inhibitor, inhibited basal tyrosine hydroxylase activity and the activity stimulated by(More)
It has been known for over 70 years that adrenal catecholamine secretion can be modulated or elicited by noncholinergic neurotransmitters and hormones. However, our understanding of the cellular mechanisms by which these agents produce their effects and the physiological conditions under which they act are not well characterised. Here we briefly review the(More)
Acute activation of tyrosine hydroxylase by histamine has been studied in cultured bovine chromaffin cells. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was determined in situ by measuring 14CO2 release following the hydroxylation and rapid decarboxylation of 14C-tyrosine offered to the cells. Histamine increased tyrosine hydroxylase activity 2-fold over 10 min with an(More)
Expression of plasma protein genes in various parts of the rat brain was studied by hybridizing radioactive cDNA to RNA in cytoplasmic extracts. No mRNA could be detected in brain for the beta subunit of fibrinogen, major acute phase alpha 1-protein, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and albumin. However, per g tissue, the choroid plexus contained at least 100(More)