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Synthesis of total protein and of transthyretin in rat choroid plexus was studied by measuring the incorporation of radioactive leucine into proteins in choroid plexus tissue incubated in vitro. About 20% of the protein newly synthesized in choroid plexus and about 50% of the newly synthesized protein secreted into the medium was transthyretin. Evidently,(More)
The small GTPase Rho and its downstream effector Rho-kinase contribute to agonist-induced vascular contraction via Ca2+ sensitization. Reasonably selective pharmacological inhibitors of these proteins have been developed and are now widely used experimentally to investigate the role of this signaling pathway in vascular function. Rho and Rho-kinase have(More)
The great majority of the sustained secretory response of adrenal chromaffin cells to histamine is due to extracellular Ca(2+) influx through voltage-operated Ca(2+) channels (VOCCs). This is likely to be true also for other G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists that evoke catecholamine secretion from these cells. However, the mechanism by which these(More)
The possible role of Ca++/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAM-K-II) in the nicotinic activation of tyrosine hydroxylase in intact cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells has been investigated. Over the concentration range 3-30 microM, KN62, a specific CAM-K-II inhibitor, inhibited basal tyrosine hydroxylase activity and the activity stimulated by(More)
The current study has investigated the electrophysiological responses evoked by histamine in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells using perforated-patch techniques. Histamine caused a transient hyperpolarization followed by a sustained depolarization of 7.2 +/- 1.4 mV associated with an increase in spontaneous action potential frequency. The hyperpolarization(More)
The ability of a number of drugs and neuropeptides to stimulate phosphoinositide metabolism in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells has been assessed. Low concentrations (10 nM) of angiotensin II, bradykinin, histamine, arginine-vasopressin, and bombesin, and high (10 microM) concentrations of oxytocin, prostaglandins E1, and E2, beta-endorphin, and(More)
Rho-kinase and protein kinase C (PKC) have each been reported to mediate vasoconstriction via calcium sensitization. However, the relative contributions of these two kinases to vascular contraction, and whether their roles vary between large and small arteries, are largely unknown. We therefore assessed the relative roles of rho-kinase and PKC in mediating(More)
Expression of plasma protein genes in various parts of the rat brain was studied by hybridizing radioactive cDNA to RNA in cytoplasmic extracts. No mRNA could be detected in brain for the beta subunit of fibrinogen, major acute phase alpha 1-protein, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and albumin. However, per g tissue, the choroid plexus contained at least 100(More)
Both nicotine and histamine have been reported to increase cyclic AMP levels in chromaffin cells by Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. The present study investigated whether Ca2+ was an adequate and sufficient signal for increasing cyclic AMP in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. Depolarization with 50 mM K+ caused a two- to three-fold increase in cellular(More)
Angiotensin II binding sites have been localized in sections of bovine adrenal glands and on living cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells using [125I]-[Sar1,Ile8]-angiotensin II and autoradiographic techniques. Binding sites were observed over both adrenaline and noradrenaline chromaffin cells. However, they were present in higher density over adrenaline(More)