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The ability of a number of drugs and neuropeptides to stimulate phosphoinositide metabolism in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells has been assessed. Low concentrations (10 nM) of angiotensin II, bradykinin, histamine, arginine-vasopressin, and bombesin, and high (10 microM) concentrations of oxytocin, prostaglandins E1, and E2, beta-endorphin, and(More)
Angiotensin II binding sites have been localized in sections of bovine adrenal glands and on living cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells using [125I]-[Sar1,Ile8]-angiotensin II and autoradiographic techniques. Binding sites were observed over both adrenaline and noradrenaline chromaffin cells. However, they were present in higher density over adrenaline(More)
Both nicotine and histamine have been reported to increase cyclic AMP levels in chromaffin cells by Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. The present study investigated whether Ca2+ was an adequate and sufficient signal for increasing cyclic AMP in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. Depolarization with 50 mM K+ caused a two- to three-fold increase in cellular(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TOH) activity is regulated acutely by phosphorylation of serines 8, 19, 31 and 40. The only kinases known to phosphorylate Ser31 are the mitogen-activated protein kinases MAPK-1 and 2. The involvement of these kinases in TOH activation in situ was therefore investigated using intact bovine chromaffin cells. Nicotine, K+ and A23187(More)
Primary cultures of bovine adrenal medullary cells have been used to study the effects of angiotensin II on catecholamine secretion and inositol phosphate accumulation. Angiotensin II induced a weak secretion of both adrenaline and noradrenaline, with a threshold of 10-100 pM and a shallow concentration-dependence up to 10 microM. The response was fully(More)
The great majority of the sustained secretory response of adrenal chromaffin cells to histamine is due to extracellular Ca(2+) influx through voltage-operated Ca(2+) channels (VOCCs). This is likely to be true also for other G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists that evoke catecholamine secretion from these cells. However, the mechanism by which these(More)
Two tissue extraction techniques and two radioimmunoassays were used to study the distribution of gastrin and cholecystokinin in rat brain. Small amounts of gastrin were found in extracts of neurohypophysis, but in neither ice-cold 90% methanol nor in boiling water-acetic acid extracts of the other 33 brain areas studied. Cholecystokinin was found in(More)
A method for simultaneous measurement of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activation and phosphorylation in permeabilised and intact bovine adrenal chromaffin cells (BACCs) was established. Permeabilised cells were stimulated with cyclic AMP (1--10 microM) in the presence of [32P]ATP and L-[carboxyl-(14)C]tyrosine. Intact BACCs were preincubated with 32P(i) for 3(More)
The mammalian adrenal medulla expresses a variety of both opioid peptides and opioid receptors. The function of this adrenal opioid system is, however, largely unknown. We have examined the ability of a number of opioid compounds to influence basal and muscarinic stimulated accumulation of inositol phosphates in cultured bovine chromaffin cells. Muscarine(More)
The effects of somatostatin on catecholamine secretion and inositol phosphate accumulation have been studied using isolated perfused bovine adrenal glands and cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells. Somatostatin had no effect on basal adrenaline or noradrenaline secretion from either preparation. At concentrations above 1 microM, somatostatin inhibited the(More)