Philip D. Howes

Learn More
Colloidal nanoparticle biosensors have received intense scientific attention and offer promising applications in both research and medicine. We review the state of the art in nanoparticle development, surface chemistry, and biosensing mechanisms, discussing how a range of technologies are contributing toward commercial and clinical translation. Recent(More)
Hybrid nanoparticles which incorporate multiple functionalities, such as fluorescence and magnetism, can exhibit enhanced efficiency and versatility by performing several tasks in parallel. In this study, magnetic-fluorescent semiconductor polymer nanospheres (MF-SPNs) have been synthesized by encapsulation of hydrophobic conjugated polymers and iron oxide(More)
Semiconducting polymer nanospheres (SPNs) have been synthesized and encapsulated in phospholipid micelles by a solvent evaporation technique. Four different conjugated polymers were used, yielding aqueous dispersions of nanoparticles which emit across the visible spectrum. The synthesis was simple and easily reproducible, and the resultant nanoparticle(More)
The application of nanomaterials to detect disease biomarkers is giving rise to ultrasensitive assays, with scientists exploiting the many advantageous physical and chemical properties of nanomaterials. The fundamental basis of such work is to link unique phenomena that arise at the nanoscale to the presence of a specific analyte biomolecule, and to(More)
This paper presents the results of a multimodal study of oral perception conducted with a set of material samples made from metals, polymers and woods, in which both the somatosensory and taste factors were examined. A multidimensional scaling analysis coupled with subjective attribute ratings was performed to assess these factors both qualitatively and(More)
Aqueous dispersions of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) capped poly[2-(2',5'-bis(2''-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl)-1,4-phenylene vinylene] (BEHP-PPV) nanospheres with an average particle diameter of 13 nm have been synthesised by a miniemulsion route and used in simple intracellular imaging experiments.
This document is made available in accordance with publisher policies and may differ from the published version or from the version of record. If you wish to cite this item you are advised to consult the publisher's version. Please see the URL above for details on accessing the published version. Copyright and all moral rights to the version of the paper(More)
Aqueous dispersions of fluorescent semiconducting polymer nanospheres (SPNs) have been synthesised by two methods; miniemulsion and micellar encapsulation. The colloidal and optical stability of SPNs synthesised by these two methods has been compared in order to assess the potential of these fluorescent nanoparticles for use in biological applications. The(More)
Keywords: Soldering Lead-free solder Intermetallic compounds Interfacial reactions Nanocomposite solders a b s t r a c t Pb-based solders have been the cornerstone technology of electronic interconnections for many decades. However, with legislation in the European Union and elsewhere having moved to restrict the use of Pb, it is imperative that new Pb-free(More)
  • 1