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Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is regulated by its metabolic products through a feedback loop that employs a second protein, antizyme 1 (AZ1). AZ1 accelerates the degradation of ODC by the proteasome. We used purified components to study the structural elements required for proteasomal recognition of this ubiquitin-independent substrate. Our results(More)
  • P Coffino
  • 2001
Proteins that are degraded by the proteasome are first modified by a set of enzymes that attach multiple copies of ubiquitin to substrate lysines, but a tiny minority, including the polyamine-synthesizing enzyme ornithine decarboxylase, is handled differently. This enzyme is targeted for destruction by another protein--antizyme. Why does ornithine(More)
BACKGROUND Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzymes catalyze a broad range of reactions, resulting in bond cleavage at C alpha, C beta, or C gamma carbons of D and L amino acid substrates. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is a PLP-dependent enzyme that controls a critical step in the biosynthesis of polyamines, small organic polycations whose controlled(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is among the small set of proteasome substrates that is not ubiquitinated. It is instead degraded in conjunction with the protein antizyme (AZ). ODC and AZ are participants in a regulatory circuit that restricts pools of polyamines, the downstream products of ODC enzymatic activity. Functional studies using directed mutagenesis(More)
To identify previously unknown small molecules that inhibit cell cycle machinery, we performed a chemical genetic screen in Xenopus extracts. One class of inhibitors, termed ubistatins, blocked cell cycle progression by inhibiting cyclin B proteolysis and inhibited degradation of ubiquitinated Sic1 by purified proteasomes. Ubistatins blocked the binding of(More)
The proteasomal ATPase ring, comprising Rpt1-Rpt6, associates with the heptameric α-ring of the proteasome core particle (CP) in the mature proteasome, with the Rpt carboxy-terminal tails inserting into pockets of the α-ring. Rpt ring assembly is mediated by four chaperones, each binding a distinct Rpt subunit. Here we report that the base subassembly of(More)
The polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are synthesized by almost all organisms and are universally required for normal growth. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), an initial enzyme of polyamine synthesis, is one of the most highly regulated enzymes of eucaryotic organisms. Unusual mechanisms have evolved to control ODC, including rapid,(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was converted from a protein with a short intracellular half-life in mammalian cells to a stable protein by truncating 37 residues at its carboxyl terminus. Cells expressing wild-type protein lost ODC activity with a half-life of approximately 1 hour. Cells expressing the truncated protein, however, retained full activity for(More)
The mechanism of protein quality control and elimination of misfolded proteins in the cytoplasm is poorly understood. We studied the involvement of cytoplasmic factors required for degradation of two endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-import-defective mutated derivatives of carboxypeptidase yscY (DeltassCPY* and DeltassCPY*-GFP) and also examined the requirements(More)
The 26 S proteasome, a complex between the 20 S proteasome and 19 S regulatory units, catalyzes ATP-dependent degradation of unfolded and ubiquitinated proteins in eukaryotes. We have identified previously 20 S and activated 20 S proteasomes in Trypanosoma brucei, but not 26 S proteasome. However, the presence of 26 S proteasome in T. brucei was suggested(More)