Philip Coffino

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The proteasomal ATPase ring, comprising Rpt1-Rpt6, associates with the heptameric α-ring of the proteasome core particle (CP) in the mature proteasome, with the Rpt carboxy-terminal tails inserting into pockets of the α-ring. Rpt ring assembly is mediated by four chaperones, each binding a distinct Rpt subunit. Here we report that the base subassembly of(More)
To identify previously unknown small molecules that inhibit cell cycle machinery, we performed a chemical genetic screen in Xenopus extracts. One class of inhibitors, termed ubistatins, blocked cell cycle progression by inhibiting cyclin B proteolysis and inhibited degradation of ubiquitinated Sic1 by purified proteasomes. Ubistatins blocked the binding of(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was converted from a protein with a short intracellular half-life in mammalian cells to a stable protein by truncating 37 residues at its carboxyl terminus. Cells expressing wild-type protein lost ODC activity with a half-life of approximately 1 hour. Cells expressing the truncated protein, however, retained full activity for(More)
Isoproterenol, a stimulator of adenylate cyclase, was used to select a stable variant clone of mouse lymphosarcoma cells deficient in the enzyme. The inability of four different stimulators to activate cyclic adenosine monophosphate synthesis in the variant, in contrast to its wild-type parent, implies that in normal cells one type of adenylate cyclase(More)
In this study, we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis to analyze the responses of cultured S49 mouse lymphoma cells to incubation with analogs or inducers of cyclic AMP (cAMP). Putative phosphorylations were detected by charge alterations in proteins labeled with 35S--methionine and, in some cases, confirmed by labeling with 32P--phosphate. We assessed(More)
Dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) produces phosphodiesterase induction, growth arrest, and cytolysis in S49 lymphoma cells. The striking parallelism between protein kinase activity that is dependent on cytosol cyclic AMP and cellular responses to dibutyryl cyclic AMP in wild-type cells and three classes of clones resistant to(More)
Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is used to visualize the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase from cultured S49 mouse lymphoma cells and to demonstrate its in vivo phosphorylation. Regulatory subunits from mutant cells with altered kinases exhibit at least two patterns of charge shifts consistent with substitutions of(More)
Kinase-negative mutants of S49 mouse lymphoma cells are pleiotropically negative for all known cAMP-mediated responses of S49 cells and yield cell extracts which are deficient in cAMP binding activity and devoid of cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity. In hybrids between kinase-negative and wild-type cells, the mutant phenotype is dominant: the tetraploid(More)
MOTIVATION The antizymes (AZ) are proteins that regulate cellular polyamine pools in metazoa. To search for remote homologs in single-celled eukaryotes, we used computer software based on hidden Markov models. The most divergent homolog detected was that of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Sequence identities between S.POMBE: AZ and known AZs(More)
Wild-type S49 lymphoma cells respond to cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) by inducing cAMP phosphodiesterase, halting growth in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and subsequently dying. By using a counter selection procedure, we have isolated a new class of mutants of S49 cells termed "deathless" that are resistant to cytolysis, but otherwise(More)