Philip C Trackman

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The synthesis and post-translational processing of a lysyl oxidase precursor protein predicted by the cDNA sequence of rat aorta lysyl oxidase were investigated. In vitro transcription of the cloned lysyl oxidase cDNA and cell-free translation of its mRNA transcript yielded a 47-kDa protein in the absence and a 50-kDa glycosylated protein in the presence of(More)
Lysyl oxidase catalyzes the final enzymatic step required for collagen and elastin cross-linking in extracellular matrix biosynthesis. Pro-lysyl oxidase is processed by procollagen C-proteinase activity, which also removes the C-propeptides of procollagens I-III. The Bmp1 gene encodes two procollagen C-proteinases: bone morphogenetic protein 1 (BMP-1) and(More)
The effect of type 1 diabetes on bone healing and bone formation in standardized craniotomy defects created in BALB/cByJ mice was determined. The hypothesis that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) contribute to diminished bone healing in diabetes was evaluated by assessing for the presence of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) by(More)
Lysyl oxidase catalyzes the final known enzymatic step required for collagen and elastin cross-linking in the biosynthesis of normal mature functional insoluble extracellular matrices. In addition, lysyl oxidase has been identified as a possible tumor suppressor. Lysyl oxidase activity in biological samples is traditionally and most reliably assessed by(More)
Gingival overgrowth occurs mainly as a result of certain anti-seizure, immunosuppressive, or antihypertensive drug therapies. Excess gingival tissues impede oral function and are disfiguring. Effective oral hygiene is compromised in the presence of gingival overgrowth, and it is now recognized that this may have negative implications for the systemic health(More)
Lysyl oxidase catalyzes the oxidation of lysine residues to alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde. This is the first step in the covalent cross-linking of collagen and tropoelastin and results in the formation of insoluble collagen and elastic fibers in the extracellular matrix. We have characterized the complete nucleotide sequence of human lysyl oxidase(More)
UNLABELLED Studies have shown that systemic PTH treatment enhanced the rate of bone repair in rodent models. However, the mechanisms through which PTH affects bone repair have not been elucidated. In these studies we show that PTH primarily enhanced the earliest stages of endochondral bone repair by increasing chondrocyte recruitment and rate of(More)
We have previously shown that diabetes significantly enhances apoptosis of osteoblastic cells in vivo and that the enhanced apoptosis contributes to diabetes impaired new bone formation. A potential mechanism is enhanced apoptosis stimulated by advanced glycation end products (AGEs). To investigate this further, an advanced glycation product, carboxymethyl(More)
The gene encoding lysyl oxidase (LOX) was identified as the ras recision gene (rrg), with the ability to revert Ras-mediated transformation of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Mutations in RAS genes have been found in approximately 25% of lung cancers and in 85% of pancreatic cancers. In microarray analysis, these cancers were found to display reduced LOX gene(More)
Lysyl oxidase is an extracellular enzyme critical for the normal biosynthesis of collagens and elastin. In addition, lysyl oxidase reverts ras-mediated transformation, and lysyl oxidase expression is down-regulated in human cancers. Since suramin inhibits growth factor signaling pathways and induces lysyl oxidase in ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells (RS485(More)