Philip C. Hsu

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The relationships between sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the capacitation process and acrosome reaction, and the spermoocyte penetration rate (SOPR) were investigated to understand the effect of lead toxicity on sperm functions and the mechanisms of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received weekly intraperitoneal injections of 20 mg(More)
The relationships between blood lead, sperm lead, sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and sperm fertile capability were investigated to understand the effects of lead exposure on sperm function and the mechanism of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 weeks old, were randomly divided into control group and lead-treated group. The controls and(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate whether treatment with vitamin E (VE) and/or vitamin C (VC) protects rat sperm by inhibiting reactive oxygen species generation induced by lead (Pb) exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the following five groups: vitamin-unsupplemented; 150 mg VE/kg chow supplemented; 300 mg VE/kg chow supplemented;(More)
Large-scale poisoning occurred in central Taiwan in 1979 from ingestion of cooking oil contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans. To determine whether in-utero exposure to these chemicals alters reproductive function, all prenatally exposed boys and appropriate controls were contacted for medical examination in 1998.(More)
Can individual cells, including live cells, be imaged using hard x rays? Common wisdom until now required sophisticated staining techniques for this task. We show instead that individual cells and cell details can be detected in culture solution and tissues with no staining and no other contrast-enhancing preparation. The sample examined can be much thicker(More)
Thermoluminescent dosimeters were applied to various areas of 61 pediatric patients and physicians to measure radiation doses during routine cardiac catheterization and during 4 cases of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty. Radiation doses were measured during chest roentgenography, fluoroscopy and cineangiography. Average skin dose to the chest was 121 microGy(More)
Chewing betel quid has been linked to the development of oral cancer. In Taiwan, fresh Piper betle inflorescence is uniquely added to betel quid, and hydroxychavicol is the major phenolic components of P.betle inflorescence. In this study, we tested the mutagenic potential of hydroxychavicol in Salmonella typhimurium TA97, TA98, TA100 and TA102 with and(More)
Surgery for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators can cause postoperative exacerbation of ventricular and atrial arrhythmias. It is not known whether the techniques of electrode implantation (epicardial vs transvenous) influence the incidence of arrhythmia exacerbation. We reviewed the postoperative course of 229 consecutive patients who received either(More)
In the electrodeposition of metals, a widely used industrial technique, bubbles of gas generated near the cathode can adversely affect the quality of the metal coating. Here we use phase-contrast radiology with synchrotron radiation to witness directly and in real time the accumulation of zinc on hydrogen bubbles. This process explains the origin of the(More)
It has been assumed that there is a relationship between periodontal diseases and diabetes mellitus, however the putative periodontal microorganisms in non-diabetes mellitus (non-DM) individuals and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients have not been well studied. In this study, the detection rates of 5 putative periodontal pathogens:(More)