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Cis-trans photoisomerization is proposed as a key process in the photoswitching of some photoactivatable fluorescent proteins. Here we present ultrafast fluorescence measurements of the model GFP chromophore (HBDI) in the cis state and in a mixture of the cis and trans states. Our results demonstrate that the mean lifetimes of the cis and trans states are… (More)
[reaction: see text] A key intermediate 14 for the synthesis of lactacystin 1 has been constructed in four steps and 33% overall yield. The key steps involve cyclization of a suitably functionalized glutamic acid derivative and concomitant alkylation of the resulting beta,beta-diketoester system, C-acylation of the cyclic alpha-amidoketone 9, and… (More)
New biaryl iminium salt catalysts for enantioselective alkene epoxidation containing additional substitution in the heterocyclic ring are reported. The effects upon conformation and enantioselectivity of this additional substitution, and the influence of dihedral angle in these systems, has been investigated using a synthetic approach supported by density… (More)
Biphasic electrode systems are studied for the case of the oxidation of the water-insoluble liquid N,N-didodecyl-N',N'-diethylphenylenediamine (DDPD) neat and dissolved in bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (HDOP) and immersed in aqueous electrolyte media. The oxidation process in the absence of HDOP is accompanied by transfer of the anion (perchlorate or… (More)
We herein report the synthesis of novel "Janus" calixarenes bearing four "molecular tethering" functional groups on either the upper or lower rims of the calixarene. These enable facile multipoint covalent attachment to electrode surfaces with monolayer coverage. The other rim of the calixarenes bear either four azide or four ethynyl functional groups,… (More)
Kaede, an analogue of green fluorescent protein (GFP), is a green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent protein used as an in vivo "optical highlighter" in bioimaging. The fluorescence quantum yield of the red Kaede protein is lower than that of GFP, suggesting that increasing the conjugation modifies the electronic relaxation pathway. Using a combination of… (More)
The first reported examples of kinetic resolution in epoxidation reactions using iminium salt catalysis are described, providing up to 99% ee in the epoxidation of racemic cis-chromenes.
Two flat gold electrodes are placed vis-à-vis with an epoxy spacer layer that is etched out to give a ca. 100 μm-deep electrochemically active trench. A water-insoluble oil phase, here the redox system N,N-diethyl-N'N'-didodecyl-phenylenediamine (DDPD) in 4-(3-phenylpropyl)-pyridine (PPP), is immobilized into the trench to allow anion transfer upon… (More)
During the aziridination of styrene using copper bis(oxazoline) complexes the ee increases with conversion due to further reactions of the product.