14Mark S P Sansom
9Ranjit Vijayan
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Membrane proteins function in a polarized ionic environment with sodium-rich extracellular and potassium-rich intracellular solutions. Glutamate receptors that mediate excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain show unusual sensitivity to external ions, resulting in an apparent requirement for sodium in order for glutamate to activate kainate receptors.(More)
GluR0 is a prokaryotic homologue of mammalian glutamate receptors that forms glutamate-activated, potassium-selective ion channels. The topology of its transmembrane (TM) domain is similar to that of simple potassium channels such as KcsA. Two plausible alignments of the sequence of the TM domain of GluR0 with KcsA are possible, differing in the region of(More)
Water plays a critical role in ligand-protein interactions. However, it is still challenging to predict accurately not only where water molecules prefer to bind, but also which of those water molecules might be displaceable. The latter is often seen as a route to optimizing affinity of potential drug candidates. Using a protocol we call WaterDock, we show(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors are essential for fast synaptic nerve transmission. Recent x-ray structures for the ligand-binding (S1S2) region of the GluR2 alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)-sensitive receptor have suggested how differences in protein/ligand interactions may determine whether a ligand will behave as a full(More)
Proteins possessing the same fold may undergo similar motions, particularly if these motions involve large conformational transitions. The increasing amounts of structural data provide a useful starting point with which to test this hypothesis. We have performed a total of 0.29 micros of molecular dynamics across a series of proteins within the same fold(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations can now routinely generate data sets of several hundreds of gigabytes in size. The ability to generate this data has become easier over recent years and the rate of data production is likely to increase rapidly in the near future. One major problem associated with this vast amount of data is how to store it in a way that it(More)
The acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP) is homologous to the ligand-binding domain of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and other members of the Cys-loop family of neurotransmitter receptors. The high-resolution X-ray structures of AChBP mean it has been used as a model from which to understand agonist and antagonist binding to nAChRs. We(More)
Ion channels are gated, i.e. they can switch conformation between a closed and an open state. Molecular dynamics simulations may be used to study the conformational dynamics of ion channels and of simple channel models. Simulations on model nanopores reveal that a narrow (<4 A) hydrophobic region can form a functionally closed gate in the channel and can be(More)
Conformational change in polymers including proteins is central to many molecular processes. Defining conformational states, however, remains a difficult and increasingly common problem, with many existing methods based on arbitrary or potentially unrepresentative measures. Furthermore, the expanding length of molecular dynamics simulations and direct(More)
The mechanism of partial agonism at N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors is an unresolved issue, especially with respect to the role of protein dynamics. We have performed multiple molecular dynamics simulations (7 x 20 ns) to examine the behavior of the ligand-binding core of the NR1 subunit with a series of ligands. Our results show that water plays an(More)