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Neuroplastin-65 and -55 (previously known as gp65 and gp55) are glycoproteins of the Ig superfamily that are enriched in rat forebrain synaptic membrane preparations. Whereas the two-Ig domain isoform neuroplastin-55 is expressed in many tissues, the three-Ig domain isoform neuroplastin-65 is brain-specific and enriched in postsynaptic density (PSD) protein(More)
The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a family of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily that perform multiple roles during vertebrate and invertebrate development. Here, we report the molecular cloning of a novel BMP from regenerating arms of the ophiuroid Amphiura filiformis. The theoretically translated amino acid sequence of this(More)
In order to study the mechanisms of synaptogenesis in the rat cerebellar cortex, a library of monoclonal antibodies has been generated against proteins of the isolated synapse. One recognizes a glycosylated 38 kDa protein that is concentrated in the synaptic vesicle fraction and resembles synaptophysin biochemically in its molecular weight, charge, and(More)
The neural ganglion of ascidians exhibits a novel and rapid pattern of regeneration whereby within approximately 28-35 days of total ablation an entirely new neural complex is formed. In normal adults, neuronal cell bodies expressing substance P- (SP-Li), neurokinin A-(NKA-Li), CCK/gastrin- (CCK-Li), and insulin-like immunoreactivity exhibit a clearly(More)
The effect of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) on levels and tyrosine phosphorylation of the NMDA receptor was examined in 7- (P7) and 21 (P21)-day-old rats. Unilateral HI was administered by ligation of the right common carotid artery and exposure to an atmosphere of 8% O2/92% N2 for 2 (P7) or 1.5 (P21) h. This duration of HI produces significant infarction(More)
Invertebrates have frequently been used to help understand the complexities of regulatory gene function and evolution. The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a highly conserved group of secreted regulatory factors that play an important part in early embryonic patterning. In the present study we have used the remarkable regenerative potential of crinoid(More)
The study of regeneration in armed echinoderm species, including crinoids, ophiuroids and asteroids, is attracting increasing attention. Recent interest has focused on the presence and potential role of growth factors, including members of the nerve growth factor (NGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) families, in the regenerative process and(More)
All organisms show a common defensive mechanism that results in the expression of conserved heat shock proteins (Hsps). These proteins function in a wide range of stressful conditions. We have monitored their levels in species of regenerating echinoderms with different mechanisms of regeneration and from different geographical locations. The effect of an(More)
We have previously described a monoclonal antibody, PAC 1, that recognises two postsynaptic density (PSD)-enriched glycoproteins (pgps) of apparent M(r) 130,000 (pgp130) and 117,000 (pgp117). Immunodevelopment of western blots of rat forebrain homogenate, synaptic membrane (SM), and PSD samples with PAC 1 and an N-cadherin antiserum shows that pgp130 and(More)
Glycoproteins gp65 and gp55 are major components of synaptic membranes prepared from rat forebrain. Both are recognized by the monoclonal antibody SMgp65. We have used SMgp65 to screen a rat brain cDNA expression library. Two sets of overlapping cDNAs that contain open reading frames of 397 and 281 amino acids were isolated. The deduced proteins are members(More)