Philip A. Gruppuso

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The phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 is thought to be required for biosynthesis of the cell's translational apparatus, a critical component of cell growth and proliferation. We have studied the signal transduction pathways involved in hepatic S6 phosphorylation during late gestation in the rat. This is a period during which hepatocytes show a high(More)
Gruppuso et al. [Gruppuso, P.A., Gordon, P., Kahn, C. R., Cornblath, M., Zeller, W. P. & Schwartz, R. (1984) N. Engl. J. Med. 311, 629-634] have recently described a family in which hyperproinsulinemia is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, suggesting a structural abnormality in the proinsulin molecule as the basis for this disorder. However, unlike(More)
Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a short stature, brachydactyly, subcutaneous ossifications, and reduced expression or function of the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gs alpha) of adenylate cyclase, which is necessary for the action of parathyroid and other hormones that use cyclic AMP as an(More)
Fetal growth retardation, a common end point for a variety of conditions affecting mother and fetus, is associated with reduced liver mass. We have performed studies to determine the mechanism for decreased liver mass in a maternal starvation model of fetal growth restriction in the rat. Pregnant dams were deprived of food for 48 h before delivery on(More)
PURPOSE This study examined the feasibility of a postdiagnosis parent mentoring intervention for mothers of young children (1-10 years old) newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. METHODS A mixed-method, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial design was used. Parent mentors (experienced mothers who have successfully raised young children with(More)
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) exists in two complexes that regulate diverse cellular processes. mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), the canonical target of rapamycin, has been well studied, whereas the physiological role of mTORC2 remains relatively uncharacterized. In mice in which the mTORC2 component Rictor is deleted in liver [Rictor-knockout (RKO)(More)
The transforming growth factor (TGF) beta s are multifunctional polypeptide growth factors with diverse biological effects, including inhibition of epithelial cell proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. To investigate the possible role of TGF beta 1 in the regulation of papillomavirus infection and papillomavirus-associated transformation, we compared the(More)
Mechanical forces are important for fetal alveolar epithelial cell differentiation. However, the signal transduction pathways regulating this process remain largely unknown. Based on the importance of the extracellular-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway in cell differentiation, we hypothesized that this cascade mediates stretch-induced fetal type II(More)
The ability to understand and integrate new knowledge into clinical practice is a necessary quality of good physicians. Student participation in in-depth scholarship could enhance this skill in physicians while also creating a larger cadre of physician-scientists prepared to advance the field of medicine. However, because no definitive data exist(More)
An increasing number of medical schools have implemented or are considering implementing scholarly activity programs as part of their undergraduate medical curricula. The goal of these programs is to foster students' analytical skills, enhance their self-directed learning and their oral and written communication skills, and ultimately to train better(More)