Philip A. Burns

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Alkylating treatments predominantly induce G: C = greater than A:T transitions, consistent with the predicted significance of the miscoding potential of the O6-alG lesion. However, the frequency and distribution of these events induced by any one compound may be diagnostic. SN1 agents that act via an alkyldiazonium cation, such as the N-nitroso compounds,(More)
Me-lex, a methyl sulfonate ester appended to a neutral N-methylpyrrolecarboxamide-based dipeptide, was synthesized to preferentially generate N3-methyladenine (3-MeA) adducts which are expected to be cytotoxic rather than mutagenic DNA lesions. In the present study, the sequence specificity for DNA alkylation by Me-lex was determined in the p53 cDNA through(More)
274 N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced forward mutations in the lacI gene of an Escherichia coli RecA- strain were cloned and sequenced. Base substitutions accounted for 264 mutations and consisted of 261 G:C----A:T transitions (including one double mutant with two G:C----A:T transitions separated by 25 base pairs), two A:T----G:C(More)
The sequences of a collection of 261 spontaneous lacI- mutants recovered in a PolA- strain of Escherichia coli have indicated an increase in the frequency of most classes of mutation in this strain. Among base substitutions in lacI, a preference for transversions over transitions was observed. In addition, a single transition in the lac operator was(More)
Estrogen receptor beta1 (ERbeta1) downregulation occurs in many breast cancers, but the responsible molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we report that levels of ERbeta1 expression are negatively regulated by the microRNA miR-92. Expression analysis in a cohort of primary breast tumors confirmed a significant negative correlation between miR-92 and(More)
Bistable epigenetic switches are fundamental for cell fate determination in unicellular and multicellular organisms. Regulatory proteins associated with bistable switches are often present in low numbers and subject to molecular noise. It is becoming clear that noise in gene expression can influence cell fate. Although the origins and consequences of noise(More)
Functional alterations or loss of tumor-suppressor genes are an important feature of neoplastic progression in humans. The employment of suitable animal model systems would greatly facilitate the detection and manipulation of such genes. We describe here an experimental approach to this problem based on the analysis of skin tumors induced in F1 hybrids(More)
N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced forward mutations within the first 540 base-pairs of the lacI gene of Escherichia coli were cloned and sequenced. In total, 167 MNNG-induced independent mutations were characterized, with G.C to A.T transitions accounting for all but three of the mutations. This mutagenic specificity is consistent with the(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing interest in developing student self-regulated learning skills, especially self-monitoring, to improve academic performance. AIMS A pilot study to investigate the impact of self-monitoring exercises on calibration accuracy and academic performance in undergraduate medical students on a Biomedical Science (BMS) module. (More)