Phila Raharivelomanana

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Microsorum grossum (Polypodiaceae), locally called metuapua'a, is one of the most frequently used fern species in Polynesian traditional medicine. Fronds or rhizomes of this species are common ingredients of popular medicine recipes to cure various ailments. M. grossum frond and rhizome extracts contain, as their main bioactive components, phytoecdysteroids(More)
Chemical study of Cunonia macrophylla, a New Caledonian Cunoniaceae, based on bioactive effects of a crude methanol extract of the leaves, detected bioactive tannins for the first time in this plant family. These ellagitannins have been identified as ellagic acid-4-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (6), mallorepanin (3), mallotinic acid (1) along with corilagin (2),(More)
Three new friedelane-type triterpenoids, 3,4-secofriedelan-3,28-dioic acid (1), 27-hydroxyacetate canophyllic acid (2) and 3-oxo-27-hydroxyacetate friedelan-28-oic acid (3), were isolated from the leaves of Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae) grown in French Polynesia. Their structures were established by the concerted application of 2D NMR techniques(More)
Psidium cattleianum J. Sabine (Myrtaceae) is a traditional medicinal plant in French Polynesia. The leaves and roots possess many medicinal properties. These effects may be correlated with the presence of antioxidant compounds. Seven flavonoids along with a benzoic acid were isolated from the leaves of P. cattleianum. The compounds indicated strong(More)
Various pyranocoumarins, calophyllolide, inophyllums B, C, G(1), G(2) and P, from Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae) leaves of French Polynesia (Austral, Marquesas, Society and Tuamotu archipelagos) have been determined in 136 leaf extracts using a high pressure liquid chromatography-UV-diode array detection (HPLC-UV-DAD) technique. Results show a wide(More)
The Polynesian medicinal fern Microsorum membranifolium contains very large amounts of ecdysteroids, including ecdysone, 20-hydroxyecdysone, 2-deoxy-20-hydroxyecdysone, and 2-deoxyecdysone. It also contains large amounts of unusual ecdysteroids which have been unambiguously identified by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. A new class of(More)
Three new cadinane- and guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids, 2-hydroxy-10-epi-zonarene 1, 2, 15-dihydroxycalamenene 2 and guaia-4, 6-dien-3-one 3, were isolated from the wood of Enterospermum madagascariensis (Rubiaceae) grown in Madagascar. Their structures were established from concerted application of 2D NMR techniques including gs-COSY, gs-HMQC, gs-HMBC and(More)
Six Tahitian liverworts, Trichocolea pluma, Chandonanthus hirtellus, Mastigophora diclados, Jungermannia sp., Plagiochila sp. and Cyathodium foetidissimum were chemically investigated. All of these liverworts produce their own characteristic compounds. Vanillic acid methyl ester was isolated for the first time from T. pluma. Skatol is responsible for the(More)
The first phytochemical inspection of the Marquesan endemic plant Rauvolfia nukuhivensis led to the isolation and structure characterization of two new indolo[2,3-a]quinolizinium derivatives named nukuhivensium and N₁₂-methyl-nukuhivensium. They feature an aromatic indolo[2,3-a]quinolizinium core, substituted at C-2 by a n-propyl group, which is unusual in(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE This manuscript reports data on medicinal plants used in Marquesas Islands traditional medicine. The subject is interesting due to the extreme geographical isolation of this archipelago and the scarcity of data on this subject. The hypothesis of the authors was that traditional knowledge in this area should be consequently(More)