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The delineation of dopamine dysfunction in the mentally ill has been a long-standing quest of biological psychiatry. The present study focuses on a recently recognized group of dopamine receptor-interacting proteins as possible novel sites of dysfunction in schizophrenic and bipolar patients. We demonstrate that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in(More)
BACKGROUND The dopamine hypothesis remains a prominent influence on research into the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, yet the presence of consistent schizophrenia-linked abnormalities in the presynaptic components of the dopamine system or in dopamine receptors still remains a matter of debate. The present study focuses on a recently recognized group of(More)
We previously reported that melatonin prevents neuronal cell death in ischemic brain injury through the activation of Akt and the inhibition of apoptotic cell death. We investigated whether melatonin inhibits the apoptotic signal through the activation of a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase and its downstream target, S6 phosphorylation.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a health hazard that is associated with a number of diseases and metabolic abnormalities, such as type-2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease. In the current study, we investigated the effects of Citrus aurantium flavonoids (CAF) on the inhibition of adipogenesis and adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1(More)
This study addresses the hypothesis that the previously described capacity of D1 dopamine receptors (D1Rs) to regulate dendritic growth in developing cortical neurons may involve alterations in the phosphorylation state of microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2). The changes in phosphorylation of this protein are known to affect its ability to stabilize the(More)
Exposure to alcohol during the early stages of brain development can lead to neurological disorders in the CNS. Apoptotic neurodegeneration due to ethanol exposure is a main feature of alcoholism. Exposure of developing animals to alcohol (during the growth spurt period in particular) elicits apoptotic neuronal death and causes fetal alcohol effects (FAE)(More)
The recently cloned protein, calcyon, potentiates crosstalk between G(s)-coupled dopamine D1 receptors and heterologous G(q/11)-coupled receptors allowing dopamine D1 receptors to stimulate intracellular Ca(2+) release, in addition to cAMP production. This crosstalk also requires the participating G(q/11)-coupled receptors to be primed by their agonists. We(More)
Dopamine D1 receptors have critical neuromodulatory influences on the working memory functions of the prefrontal cortex, a brain region affected in many neuropsychiatric disorders. When D1 receptor agents are administered to rats or monkeys performing working memory tasks, an "inverted U" dose/response function is typically observed, whereby either too(More)
Ferulic acid protects neuronal cells from glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and focal cerebral ischemia. This study investigated whether ferulic acid exerts a neuroprotective effect through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets, Bad and 14-3-3. Adult male rats were immediately treated with ferulic acid (100mg/kg, i.v.) after middle cerebral artery(More)
Estradiol prevents neuronal cell death through the inhibition of apoptotic signals. This study investigated whether estradiol modulates the anti-apoptotic signal through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets, including forkhead transcription factors FKHR and FHKRL1. Adult female rats were ovariectomied and treated with estradiol prior to middle(More)