Phil L Felgner

Learn More
Memory B cells are a central component of humoral immunity, and yet little is known about their longevity in humans. Immune memory after smallpox vaccination (DryVax) is a valuable benchmark for understanding the longevity of B cell memory in the absence of re-exposure to Ag. In this study, we demonstrate that smallpox vaccine-specific memory B cells last(More)
A blood test that captures cumulative exposure over time and assesses levels of naturally acquired immunity (NAI) would provide a critical tool to monitor the impact of interventions to reduce malaria transmission and broaden our understanding of how NAI develops around the world as a function of age and exposure. This article describes a collaborative(More)
Two billion people are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), worldwide. Ten million to 20 million of the infected individuals develop disease per year. TB is a treatable disease, provided that it is diagnosed in a timely manner. The current TB diagnostic methods are subjective, inefficient, or not(More)
The prevalence of the disease was determined in the population (n = 3402) of a highly endemic sleeping sickness area in the Ivory Coast and an area of recent low endemicity in southwestern Upper Volta by using parasitological techniques supplemented by the determination of trypanosome specific antibodies and serum macroglobulins (IgM). 62 cases of(More)
We have developed microarrays with all eight proteins encoded by 13 different human papillomavirus types associated with anogenital cancer (HPV-16, -18, -31, -33, -35, -45, and -53), genital warts (HPV-6 and -11), or skin lesions (HPV-1, -2, -4, and -5). We analyzed the seroprevalence of antibodies in 546 patients, which had either cervical carcinomas, or(More)
A highly protective malaria vaccine would greatly facilitate the prevention and elimination of malaria and containment of drug-resistant parasites. A high level (more than 90%) of protection against malaria in humans has previously been achieved only by immunization with radiation-attenuated Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) sporozoites (PfSPZ) inoculated by(More)
The host serological profile to a parasitic infection, such as schistosomiasis, can be used to define potential vaccine and diagnostic targets. Determining the host antibody response using traditional approaches is hindered by the large number of putative antigens in any parasite proteome. Parasite protein microarrays offer the potential for a(More)
Antibody activity in sera of 43 cases with cystic and 5 cases with alveolar echinococcosis was determined against hydatid fluid and extract of E. alveolaris. The results with Stick-ELISA were compared to those obtained with complement fixation and indirect hemagglutination. Results in ELISA were determined in stepless fashion and expressed as multiple of(More)
Antigen from axenically and with crithidia monoxenically grown amebae are compared in complement fixation test and indirect hemagglutination test. While similar reactivity was observed in indirect hemagglutination monoxenic antigen yielded extremely higher titers in complement fixation tests. Transient latex agglutinations of severely ill malaria tropica(More)
Additional data are presented in support of the earlier observation that in nonendemic countries 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) resistant vibriocidal antibodies better reflect antibacterial immunity against cholera following vaccination than does total vibriocidal activity. It can be shown that in more than half of the cases even after at least three subsequent(More)