Phil J Whitfield

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AIM OF STUDY This study screened for anthelmintic and/or antitumour bioactive compounds from Thai indigenous plants and evaluated effectiveness against three different worm species and two cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Methylene chloride and methanol extracts of 32 plant species were screened for in vitro anthelmintic activity against three(More)
This study confirms that women requesting breast reduction and breast augmentation differ beyond the anatomical. There were significantly more single and co-habiting women in the breast reduction group, and significantly more separated and divorced women in the breast augmentation group, compared to women attending an obstetric clinic. The majority of women(More)
The bioactivity of an ethyl acetate extract of ginger (Zingiber officinale) towards Schistosoma mansoni adult pairs, both cultured in vitro and in vivo in laboratory mice, was investigated by monitoring worm mortality and fecundity. In vitro, a concentration of 200 mg l(-1) of extract killed almost all worms within 24 h. Male worms seemed more susceptible(More)
Franz cells (2-chambered, air/fluid phase static diffusion devices, previously used for the study of drugs across viable human skin) are utilized for the first time to investigate the process of infection of human skin by Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. Skin obtained from cosmetic surgery sources was used in the Franz cells to describe the temporal dynamics(More)
Schistosomiasis is initiated when cercarial larvae invade human skin. Contrary to long-held assumptions, most cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni do not shed their propulsive tails as they penetrate. Scanning electron microscopy studies and infection experiments with entire human skin and differentiated, stratum corneum-like, human keratinocyte cultures, have(More)
Extracts of the seeds of the leguminous tree Millettia thonningii are molluscicidal and schistosomicidal and contain a mixture of isoflavonoids and 3-phenylcoumarins. Robustic acid and a pure mixture of alpinumisoflavone and dimethylalpinumisoflavone, as characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, were isolated from a dichloromethane extract. The(More)
The age dependency of the mortality, spontaneous de-tailing and infectivity of cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni has been determined at 25 degrees C. Infectivity was assessed with respect to stratum corneum-like differentiated human keratinocyte cultures (validated by comparison with fresh human skin samples) and displayed a complex age-dependent pattern.(More)
The composition of the parasite fauna of the flounder, Platichthys flesus, retrieved from two locations in the tidal Thames is described in detail for the first time. The combined parasite species list of the flounders from Lots Road in the upper tideway and West Thurrock in the middle tideway consisted of one protozoan (Glugea stephani), one monogenean(More)