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Malathion was sprayed using a truck-mounted ultra-low volume (ULV) aerosol generator. The generator was operated at 41.4 kPa (6 psi) at flow rate of 128 ml (4.3 fl. oz.) per min. Malathion concentrations were measured at selected positions on live, stationary human subjects wearing protective clothing and placed along a transect at right angles to the path(More)
This study evaluated the compatibility and efficacy of using a predatory copepod, Mesocyclops longisetus in concert with 3 "biorational" compounds for mosquito control in waste tires. The toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (B.t.i), Bacillus sphaericus, and methoprene to Mesocyclops longisetus was assessed in the laboratory using(More)
Ninety-six-hour static acute toxicity tests were conducted in the laboratory to determine the effects of a 47 ml/m2 (50 gal/acre) application of Arosurf MSF (2 mole ethoxylate of isostearyl alcohol) on Fundulus similus, Palaemonetes pugio, Palaemonetes paludosus, Uca spp., Procambarus spp., Gammarus spp., Asellus spp., Streptocephalus seali, Physa spp.,(More)
Toxicity of Florida mosquito larvicides and adulticides to 3-5 day old Gambusia affinis was determined in the laboratory. After 24-h exposure, the larvicides, temephos, fenoxycarb and petroleum distillates had LC50 values of 5.60, 1.05 and 593.4 ppm, respectively. After 24 h the adulticides resmethrin, fenthion, naled and malathion had LC50 values of 0.007,(More)
A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of ground ultra-low-volume malathion sprays on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) apiaries in open and forested areas downwind from the spray route. Impact on colonies 7.6, 15.2, 47.7, and 91.4 m downwind from sprays was assessed by recording individual bee mortality 12 and 36 h after treatment. In addition, hives(More)
A study was conducted to evaluate the impact of naled on honey bees as a result of their exposure to aerial ULV applications of this insecticide during three routine mosquito spray missions by Manatee County Mosquito Control District in Florida during the summer of 1999. Naled deposits were collected on filter paper and subsequently analyzed by gas(More)
Two hydraulic spray nozzle systems, a flat fan and a high-pressure hollow cone, were used for ultra-low-volume application of the mosquito adulticide fenthion under a multiple swath scheme. Eight swaths at 322-m intervals were applied from a height of 91 m to simulate operational conditions. Deposition, effects on nontarget organisms (fiddler crabs), aerial(More)
Field experiments with the mosquito adulticide fenthion (Baytex) compared the conventional flat-fan nozzle system (Tee Jet 8002SS) and a new high-pressure hollow-cone nozzle system (1/8 MISS). Ground deposition and aerial flux of the mosquito adulticide fenthion were measured up to 4.83 km downwind by using filter paper and yarn collectors, respectively.(More)