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Until now it has not been possible to obtain nuclear bodies from Escherichia coli after treatment with rifampicin. It was generally assumed that the cross-connections between the DNA double strands which are sensitive towards ribonuclease are destroyed under the influence of inhibitors of RNA synthesis like rifampicin. In this paper a new lysis procedure is… (More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of Escherichia coli was found to be attached to the cell membrane at about 20 points. This was determined by fractionation of X-irradiated cells with the M band (magnesium-Sarkosyl crystals) technique. The number of attachment points was computed from the relationship between the amount of DNA in M bands and the number of… (More)
Until recently it has been assumed that the factors being responsible for the condensation of the DNA in the nucleoid of Escherichia coli are destroyed by rifampicin because it has been impossible to obtain folded chromosomes from cells treated with this inhibitor. In this paper it is shown by viscosity and sedimentation measurements that unfolding of the… (More)
By fractionation of the envelope part of membrane-associated folded chromosomes it is shown that only the outer membrane is bound to the DNA. Experiments with the M-band technique suggest the presence of attachment points for the membrane also in membrane-released folded chromosomes.
Nuclear bodies were isolated from Escherichia coli spheroplasts by two different lysis procedures. Their lipid and protein content and the superhelix density was measured. The preparations differed mainly in respect to the amount of the attached membrane material, which seems to be an essential factor in maintaining the stability of the nuclear bodies. The… (More)
A sensitive and rapid fluorometric lysozyme assay is described. It is based on the hydrolysis of fluorescamine-labelled peptidoglycan from Micrococcus luteus cell walls. Lysozyme levels as low as 0.1 microgram can be detected.
The envelope components of nuclear bodies which were obtained from Escherichia coli W7 by a mild lysis method were investigated. By using 2,6-diaminopimelic acid (DAP) as precursor which is incorporated only into peptidoglycan in this strain it was found that the particles contained about 14% of the murein layer of the cell. The percentage of… (More)