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To develop and validate a practical, in vitro, cell-based model to assess human hepatotoxicity potential of drugs, we used the new technology of high content screening (HCS) and a novel combination of critical model features, including (1) use of live, human hepatocytes with drug metabolism capability, (2) preincubation of cells for 3 days with drugs at a(More)
The electroretinogram (ERG, retina) and visual evoked potential (VEP, brain) are widely used in vivo tools assaying the integrity of the visual pathway. Current recordings in preclinical models are conducted under anesthesia, which alters neural physiology and contaminates responses. We describe a conscious wireless ERG and VEP recording platform in rats.(More)
Adverse drug reactions are a major clinical problem. Drug-induced hepatotoxicity constitutes a large percentage of these reactions. A thorough understanding of the genetic events, specifically, the early "decision-making" processes underlying biological changes caused by drugs and metabolites, is required. To assist in the understanding of these events, we(More)
BACKGROUND Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is a rare and severe autoimmune blistering skin disease of humans. It is associated mainly with haematopoietic neoplasia and a unique autoantibody profile. At this time and in animals, PNP has only been reported in dogs. OBJECTIVES To report clinical, histological and immunological findings in a cat with suspected(More)
Eyespot pathogens, Tapesia yallundae and Tapesia acuformis, were isolated from two trial sites in the UK over several years. Both sites were treated with 2 applications per year of cyprodinil (a new anilinopyrimidine fungicide), prochloraz and a mixture of cyprodinil with prochloraz. One trial site was exposed to cyprodinil for 3 years, and the second for a(More)
Conventional analysis of clinical resting electroencephalography (EEG) recordings typically involves assessment of spectral power in pre-defined frequency bands at specific electrodes. EEG is a potentially useful technique in drug development for measuring the pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of a centrally acting compound and hence to assess the likelihood of(More)
Laser Doppler (LD) perfusion signals consist of a number of superimposed frequencies that span a wide range. Singular spectrum analysis (SSA) was used to characterise the very low frequency (VLF) components as this method can extract frequencies of interest from the time domain. Its utility is demonstrated on a sex health clinical data set where the focus(More)
Activity (or locomotion) can be one of the most sensitive and broadly affected translatable biomarkers of drug or disease. However activity data often have variance heterogeneity and periods with zero activity, and thus is usually not normally distributed giving the possibility of false interpretation of the data. We attempt to address this issue by(More)
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