Phebe Verbrugghe

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RT-qPCR is a sensitive and increasingly used method for gene expression quantification. To normalize RT-qPCR measurements between samples, most laboratories use endogenous reference genes as internal controls. There is increasing evidence, however, that the expression of commonly used reference genes can vary significantly in certain contexts. Using the(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections cause 500,000 to 700,000 deaths per year as a consequence of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Efficient and safe antivirals to treat chronically infected patients and consequently to prevent development of hepatocellular carcinoma are still awaited. We isolated five single-domain(More)
The specialized epithelium covering the lymphoid follicles of Peyer's patches in the gut mediates transcytosis of antigens to the underlying immune cells, mainly through the membranous, or M, cells. At present, the molecular processes involved in the mucosal immune response, and in antigen transport across the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) and M(More)
In the model organism E. coli, recombination mediated by the related XerC and XerD recombinases complexed with the FtsK translocase at specialized dif sites, resolves dimeric chromosomes into free monomers to allow efficient chromosome segregation at cell division. Computational genome analysis of Helicobacter pylori, a slow growing gastric pathogen,(More)
The follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) overlying the follicles of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue is a key player in the initiation of mucosal immune responses. We recently reported strong clusterin expression in the FAE of murine Peyer’s patches. In this study, we examined the expression of clusterin in the human gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT)(More)
Our previous neurocognitive studies of schizophrenia outlined two clusters of affected subjects--cognitively spared (CS) and cognitive deficit (CD), the latter's characteristics pointing to developmental origins and impaired synaptic plasticity. Here we investigate the contribution of polymorphisms in major regulators of these processes to susceptibility to(More)
Smokers have a twofold increased risk to develop Crohn's disease (CD). However, little is known about the mechanisms through which smoking affects CD pathogenesis. Especially Crohn's ileitis is negatively influenced by smoking. Interestingly, the ileum and, more in particular, the Peyer's patches in the terminal ileum are also the sites where the first CD(More)
In a previous study, we detected a 6p25–p24 region linked to schizophrenia in families with high composite cognitive deficit (CD) scores, a quantitative trait integrating multiple cognitive measures. Association mapping of a 10 Mb interval identified a 260 kb region with a cluster of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with CD(More)
Deletion mutants and animal models have been instrumental in the study of Helicobacter pylori pathogenesis. Conditional mutants, however, would enable the study of the temporal gene requirement during H. pylori colonization and chronic infection. To achieve this goal, we adapted the Escherichia coli Tn10-derived tetracycline-inducible expression system for(More)
Fucoidans are complex sulphated polysaccharides derived from abundant and edible marine algae. Helicobacter pylori is a stomach pathogen that persists in the hostile milieu of the human stomach unless treated with antibiotics. This study aims to provide preliminary data to determine, in vitro, if fucoidans can inhibit the growth of H. pylori and its ability(More)