It is shown that the classical laws of thermodynamics require that mechanical systems must exhibit energy that becomes unavailable to do useful work. In thermodynamics, this type of energy is called entropy. It is further shown that these laws require two metrical manifolds, equations of motion, field equations, and Weyl's quantum principles. Weyl's quantum… (More)
The Hubble Telescope should make it possible to separate the redshift of light from any cosmological object into that redshift due to the gravitational potential difference between the emission and reception points and that portion due the distance between these points by comparing the redshifts measured on the Earth's surface to redshifts measured by the… (More)
Einstein's article titled, is presented in its entirety as it is an outstanding presentation of the history and status of the foundations of theoretical physics as it stood in 1940. Further, it provides the background for discussing the new view of the fundaments of theoretical physics provided by the energy and entropy foundation of the Dynamic Theory.
It is shown that a time dependent gravitational field that is getting weaker with time will produce the effects measured for both the tangential velocity in the arms of spiral galaxies and for the high z supernovas. These results show that the effects that have led to the hypothesis of Dark Matter and Dark Energy may come from the same basic physical… (More)