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Biceps brachii is a double headed muscle. In terms of number and morphology of its head, it is one of the most variable muscles in the human body. Most common variation is third head, but four, five or even seven heads have been reported. In this study, 32 arms from 16 Nepalese cadavers were studied; supernumerary heads of biceps brachii were observed in(More)
BACKGROUND Variations in origin, course, branching pattern, termination and connections of the musculocutaneous nerve in the arm are not as uncommon as was once thought. Variational study of nerve in Nepalese is very less and can be of surgical-clinical importance. This opinion led us to performing this study. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to a(More)
The variations of vessels arising from the aortic arch are numerous. The purpose of this study is the description of the variations on the branching pattern of arch of aorta, in order to offer useful data to anatomists, radiologists, vascular surgeons, neck and thorax surgeons in Nepalese subjects, and relating it with embryological basis. In this(More)
Circulus arteriosus (Circle of Willis) is an anastomotic ring which unites the internal carotid and vertebrobasilar systems. It slows down the blood before it reaches the brain and helps in collateral circulation. Anatomic study reveals the variation in the pattern and calibre of vessels which make up the circulus arteriosus. The greatest variation in(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies have shown self-medication to be common among medical students. These studies are however, few in Nepal. The present study assessed knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among second and fourth semesters' undergraduate medical students and studied differences in knowledge and attitude (if any) among different subgroups of(More)
Double left renal vein is a rare venous anomaly. In 6.5% of cases double left renal vein, one in front (preaortic) and another behind the abdominal aorta (retroaortic) has been reported. The development of renal vessels is very complicated. There are extensive changes which occur in subcardinal, supracardinal and sacrocardinal veins during development that(More)
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