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Circuits on mechanical ventilators with cascade humidifiers are routinely changed every day or every other day, although humidifying cascades have been considered unlikely to increase the risk of respiratory infection because they do not generate aerosols. Moreover, changing ventilator tubings every 24 rather than every 48 h increases the risk of(More)
Three hundred and three strains of group A streptococci (GAS) isolated from adults with pharyngitis were tested to evaluate their phenotype of resistance to macrolides-lincosamides and to search for macrolide resistance genes. MICs of clarithromycin were determined. The overall rate of resistance to both erythromycin and clarithromycin was 9.6%.(More)
A serologic survey study of 5,076 Austrian cattle farming herds was carried out in the period of December 1988 till March 1990. One animal was randomly selected from each herd and the antibody titer against Anaplasma marginale in blood serum samples was evaluated by means of the complement fixation test. The number of these tested blood samples was 3.6% of(More)
One thousand six hundred and fifty clinically significant, consecutive and non redundant strains of staphylococci, including 863 Staphylococcus aureus and 787 coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS), were isolated between October 1999 and March 2000 in 35 French hospital laboratories. Susceptibilities were determined in each center by a standard diffusion(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether significant retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can be detected before 31 to 33 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS Medical records of all ELBW infants (<1000 g at birth) admitted to our regional perinatal center between April 1995 and January 1999 were reviewed retrospectively.(More)
Since 1997, a few studies have been published suggesting the emergence of clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae resistant to pristinamycin. Such results were not confirmed by recent studies from different investigators using reference techniques for the determination of susceptibilities, which is in accordance with the low probability of emergence(More)
The comparative in-vitro activities of pristinamycin, its components pristinamycins I and IIA, erythromycin, clindamycin and metronidazole were studied against 174 clinical isolates of Gram-negative anaerobic bacilli and 24 strains of Gardnerella vaginalis. Susceptibilities were determined with an agar-dilution method. Against Bacteroides and Fusobacterium,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Evaluation of efficacy and safety of pristinamycin (PRI), compared with amoxicillin (AMX), both at 3 g daily for 7 to 10 days in adults with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). PATIENTS AND METHODS Multinational, randomized, double blind, double dummy clinical trial of non-inferiority was conducted in 399 patients with a CAP. RESULTS At(More)
The bactericidal activity of ofloxacin alone and in combination was evaluated against strains of Staphylococcus aureus by measuring MBCs, FBC indexes and by the killing curve technique. Bactericidal titres were determined in sera from volunteers given ofloxacin alone or in combination with fosfomycin or vancomycin. FBC indices less than 0.75 were observed(More)