Ph Renault

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An outbreak of gastroenteritis involving 26 guests of a wedding dinner occurred in August 2007 in Réunion Island, a French Overseas Department. Salmonella was isolated in 61.5% of cases and the two isolates serotyped were of serovar Weltevreden. We believe this to be the first food-borne outbreak due to S. enterica serovar Weltevreden described in Réunion(More)
Plasma testosterone levels were measured in a group of 13 men maintained on acetylmethadol for treatment of opiate dependence. Prior to acetylmethadol administration, plasma testosterone levels were within normal adult ranges. Four hours following ingestion of acetylmethadol, plasma testosterone levels were significantly depressed and continued to fall 7-9(More)
Since 2004, the frequency of chikungunya virus infections has been increasing in Africa, Indian Ocean islands, and Asia. The epidemic began on the Kenyan coast, and reached the Comoros at the end of 2004 before spreading to the South-western Indian Ocean islands (SWIOI) in 2005 and especially in 2006. The epidemic then spread to Asia where epidemic foci are(More)
OBJECTIVE An outbreak of measles occurred from 2005 to 2006 in Mayotte, a French territory in the Indian Ocean. The aim of this study was to describe the outbreak, to analyze epidemiologic and sociodemographic characteristic of cases, and to suggest recommendations for measles surveillance and preventive measures in Mayotte. DESIGN An outbreak(More)
With the winter season on the southern hemisphere that starts in Reunion Island in June seasonal influenza activity usually increases shortly afterwards. The new influenza A(H1N1)v virus is rapidly spreading worldwide and may reach the island during the coming winter season. We have therefore enhanced influenza surveillance to detect the introduction of(More)
BACKGROUND In Reunion Island, non-specific surveillance developed mainly in 2009 and was based on the activity of hospital emergency department, emergency calls and mortality. From March 2010, a new surveillance was implemented in collaboration between the Indian Ocean regional epidemiology unit and the regional office of the National Health Insurance. The(More)
After a long period of endemicity until the 1950s, the World Health Organization considered autochthonous malaria eliminated from Réunion in 1979. To prevent secondary transmission and re-emergence of autochthonous malaria, permanent epidemiologic and entomological surveillance and vector control measures are conducted. The objective of this study is to(More)