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Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are a group of neurodegenerative diseases occurring in both humans and animals and are most likely caused by prions. Neuropathological confirmation of the clinical diagnosis has been a problem because of the difficulty in epitope retrieval from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded brain specimens. Many different(More)
BACKGROUND m.14487T>C, a missense mutation (p.M63V) affecting the ND6 subunit of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, has been reported in isolated childhood cases with Leigh syndrome (LS) and progressive dystonia. Adult-onset phenotypes have not been reported. OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical-neurological spectrum and associated mutation(More)
OBJECTIVE Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations are the most common cause of Parkinson disease (PD). Several dominantly inherited pathogenic substitutions have been identified in different domains of the Lrrk2 protein. Herein, we characterize the clinical and genetic features associated with Lrrk2 p.R1441C. METHODS We identified 33 affected and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the concentrations of microtubule associated protein tau and multiple phosphorylated tau epitopes in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), dementias, and controls, in order to evaluate their diagnostic use and clinical relevance. METHODS The CSF concentrations of total tau and(More)
We investigated the risk associated with the codon 129 polymorphism in the prion protein gene (PRNP) and apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) isoforms for development of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) (n=126) and the possible influences on the disease pathology and its most important clinical characteristics. The PRNP M129V (PRNP129) polymorphism was determined(More)
BACKGROUND Different loss-of-function mutations were identified underlying PGRN haploinsufficiency in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration. PGRN mutations were also identified in other neurodegenerative brain diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Alzheimer disease, though their biologic contribution to these diseases remains elusive.(More)
Experimental data suggest that blood components from patients with CJD may carry infectivity. However, most of the studies have been made on the classic form of CJD. Further studies are needed to discern whether infectivity levels in blood from patients with the nvCJD differ from those with the classic form. Possibility of transmission of CJD by blood or(More)
In order to investigate inflammation and apoptosis in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) patients, we analyzed astrocytes, microglia and apoptotic neurons in brain and IL-1beta in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Our results showed increased numbers of astrocytes in CJD and increased numbers of microglia and apoptotic neurons both in CJD and Alzheimer's disease (AD)(More)
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), a movement disorder characterised by chaotic eye movements and myoclonus, is a rare clinical entity. We present two cases of opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome of paraneoplastic origin. In the first patient the syndrome was associated with a breast carcinoma and in the second patient with a non small cell lung carcinoma.(More)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a transmissible subacute spongiform encephalopathy that invariably leads to death. The presumed causative agent, the prion protein, is highly resistant to inactivation and has a long incubation period. Physical contact with CJD patients (as in clinical care) entails no risk of transmission. During procedures such as lumbar(More)