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Allergen immunotherapy reorients inappropriate immune responses in allergic patients. Sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) has been approved, notably in the European Union, as an effective alternative to subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy (SCIT) for allergic rhinitis patients. Compared with SCIT, SLIT has a better safety profile. This is possibly(More)
Sublingual immunotherapy has been shown in some clinical studies to modulate allergen-specific antibody responses [with a decrease in the immunoglobulin E/immunoglobulin G4 (IgE/IgG4) ratio] and to reduce the recruitment and activation of proinflammatory cells in target mucosa. Whereas a central paradigm for successful immunotherapy has been to reorient the(More)
Allergen extracts have been used for diagnosis and treatment of allergy for around 100 years. During the second half of 20th century, the notion increasingly gained foothold that accurate standardization of such extracts is of great importance for improvement of their quality. As a consequence, manufacturers have implemented extensive protocols for(More)
There is an urgent need to identify environmental risk and protective factors in early life for the prevention of allergy. Our study demonstrates the presence of respiratory allergen from house dust mite, Der p 1, in human breast milk. Der p 1 in milk is immunoreactive, present in similar amounts as dietary egg antigen, and can be found in breast milk from(More)
Sublingual vaccines based on biological extracts from various natural allergen sources are effective in the treatment of respiratory allergies. These vaccines comprise a complex mixture of proteins and glycoproteins that require dedicated standardization procedures to ensure batch-to-batch consistency. Because of the lack of correlation between the potency(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding patterns of IgE sensitization in Dermatophagoides-allergic patients living in various geographical areas is necessary to design a product suitable for worldwide allergen immunotherapy (AIT). METHODS Using a HIFI Allergy customized microarray assay, IgEs specific for 12 purified allergens from Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus or D.(More)
BACKGROUND Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II tetramers (tetramers) allow to detect allergen-specific CD4(+) T cells at a single-cell level. Limits to this technology include HLA restriction and the need to identify immunodominant T cell epitopes. OBJECTIVE Assessing the expression of various activation markers following allergen stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) efficacy could be improved by formulations facilitating allergen contact with the oral mucosa and uptake by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). METHODS Two types of chitosan microparticles, differing in size and surface charge, were tested in vitro for their capacity to improve antigen uptake and presentation by(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) can be used as an antigen presentation platform for vaccination against cancer. In this approach, DCs are expanded in vitro from monocyte-derived progenitors, and subsequently loaded with well-characterized tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). TAAs can be incubated with DCs in various forms, including peptides, recombinant proteins,(More)
The cells involved in allergic inflammation, such as mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils, have been thoroughly studied in the nose, the lungs and the skin, demonstrating an evident increase in response to the introduction of the specific allergen, while little is known in the mucosal system and particularly in the oral mucosa. We investigated such tissue(More)