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It has recently been shown that repeated large-volume paracentesis associated with intravenous albumin infusion is a rapid, effective, and safe therapy of ascites in cirrhosis. To investigate whether intravenous albumin infusion is necessary in the treatment of cirrhotics with large-volume paracentesis, 105 patients with tense ascites were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Therapeutic regimens with intravenous (i.v.) cyclosporine followed by oral cyclosporine maintenance therapy reduce the need for immediate surgery in steroid-refractory severe ulcerative colitis, but the short-term colectomy rate is still as high as 70%. We report our experience with long-term azathioprine maintenance therapy in a small series(More)
Somatostatin and endoscopic sclerotherapy are widely used in the treatment of acute variceal bleeding. Although objective evidence does exist about the advantages of either treatment, data comparing both procedures are scarce. In order to compare the effectiveness and safety of somatostatin and sclerotherapy in the treatment of acute variceal bleeding, 70(More)
To ascertain the role of total enteral nutrition, compared with total parenteral nutrition, as adjunct therapy to steroids in patients with severe acute ulcerative colitis, a prospective randomized trial was conducted in 42 of such patients. Inclusion criteria were the persistence of a moderate or severe attack of the disease (Truelove's index) after 48 h(More)
Chronic (obesity) and acute intraabdominal, pressure increases appear to favor gastroesophageal reflux, but the mechanism is not completely understood. We hypothesized that it could be due to an alteration in the resistance gradient between the stomach and the gastroesophageal junction, even increasing intragastric resistance above resistance at the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship of sugar malabsorption to the development of clinical symptoms in functional bowel disease. METHODS Twenty-five consecutive outpatients [five men, 20 women; mean age 38.7 +/- 2.6 (SEM) yr] with functional bowel disease and symptoms suggestive of carbohydrate malabsorption were studied. Twelve healthy subjects [six(More)
Plasma fatty acid patterns were assessed by gas liquid chromatography in 73 patients with active inflammatory bowel disease and 107 healthy controls. The influence of the disease activity on fatty acid profile was also investigated. Plasma fatty acid patterns in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease were similar. Plasma C18:3n3 and C22:6n3(More)
Eighty-two consecutive Child-Campbell class A and B cirrhotic patients were included in a prospective controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of portacaval anastomosis vs. endoscopic sclerotherapy as elective treatment of variceal hemorrhage. Forty-one patients were randomized to portacaval anastomosis and 41 to sclerotherapy. After excluding(More)
For the purpose of arresting hemorrhage from bleeding gastric or duodenal ulcers we developed, in 28 high-risk patients, a new method of endoscopic local injection of epinephrine (1:10,000) followed by electro-hydro monopolar coagulation and injection of Polidocanol (1%). Nine patients had signs of shock at the time of admission. The average blood(More)