Ph Guillouet

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Data were collected over the first 4 generations of a divergent selection experiment for residual feed intake of Large White pigs having ad libitum access to feed. This data set was used to obtain estimates of heritability for residual feed intake and genetic correlations (r(a)) between this trait and growth, carcass, and meat quality traits. Individual(More)
Residual feed intake (RFI) has been explored as an alternative selection criterion to feed conversion ratio to capture the fraction of feed intake not explained by expected production and maintenance requirements. Selection experiments have found that low RFI in the growing pig is genetically correlated with reduced fatness and feed intake. Selection for(More)
The European Space Agency’s Planck satellite, launched on 14 May 2009, is the third-generation space experiment in the field of cosmic microwave background (CMB) research. It will image the anisotropies of the CMB over the whole sky, with unprecedented sensitivity ( ΔT T ∼ 2 × 10−6) and angular resolution (∼5 arcmin). Planck will provide a major source of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if administration of a set dose (10 microg) of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, buserelin (Receptal; Rc), at set times after altrenogest (Regumate; RU) treatment or after weaning was able to induce and synchronize ovulation in female swine (gilts and sows). The pubertal (n=187) gilts were allocated to(More)
The aims of this study were: (1) to evaluate the effect of the number of previous estrus of recipient gilts on effectiveness of intrauterine insertion of a flexible catheter designed for non-surgical deep intrauterine catheterization during diestrus in pigs; and (2) to determine the farrowing rate and the litter size after non-surgical deep intrauterine(More)
Genetic trends for growth, feed efficiency, composition, and morphometry of carcasses were estimated in a French Large White (LW) pig population using frozen semen. Two groups of pigs were produced by inseminating LW sows with either stored, frozen semen from 17 LW boars born in 1977 or with semen from 23 LW boars born in 1998. In each group, 15 males and(More)
Hypoosmotic swelling test (HOS) has been proposed by many authors to evaluate the functional integrity of the sperm membrane. Our approach in this experiment has consisted in exposing spermatozoa to a wide range of osmotic pressures then evaluating the reacted sperm cells by flow cytometry and finally modelling the sperm cell responses. Semen samples were(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate genetic and non-genetic factors influencing characteristics of young buck semen production using a multivariate model that takes into account the longitudinal structure of data. Data were collected from 1989 to 2002 at two French A.I. centres. The data corresponded to 13151 and 9206 ejaculates of 758 Alpine and(More)
Prediction of the future fertility of a given ejaculate with a simple laboratory test is still considered a real issue in domestic mammal breeding. This study showed that a subjective assessment of the percentage of motile spermatozoa, measured 120 min after thawing (mob120), can predict a significant part (∼50%) of the variation of the future fertility of(More)
Two methods for the determination of ovulation were compared to one ultrasonography performed 5 times a day. Time of ovulation by echography was 40 +/- 5.8 h (mean +/- SD) after the onset of oestrus. Preovulatory LH rise (two blood samples per day) began near the onset of oestrus but, in our conditions, this parameter could not be used to predict ovulation.(More)