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Human toxocariasis is a helminthozoonosis due to the migration of Toxocara species larvae through human organism. Humans become infected by ingesting either embryonated eggs from soil (geophagia, pica), dirty hands or raw vegetables, or larvae from undercooked giblets. The diagnosis relies upon sensitive immunological methods (ELISA or western-blot) which(More)
Concurrent infections of sheep with Oestrus ovis and trichostrongyles of the digestive tract are common in the field. Previous results have shown that a previous infection with O. ovis adversely affects worm populations of either Trichostrongylus colubriformis or Haemonchus contortus. However, no information was available to determine the influence of the(More)
Haemonchosis, with its very wide distribution, has become a very important production constraint in sheep farms in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions worldwide. Various intrinsic and extrinsic factors determine the survival of Haemonchus contortus and hence the development of the disease in the animal. In general, control of gastrointestinal(More)
In order to estimate the effects of eventual reductions in larval weight (LW) of Oestrus ovis L. as a measure of control, the correlation between mature LW and adult fly length (AL) in laboratory specimens (n=150) was calculated. The regression equation AL=5.62+10.65LW (r(2)=0.76) was obtained. This equation was then applied to estimate the mature LW of(More)
A slaughterhouse survey to determine prevalence and larval burden of Oestrus ovis larvae in sheep and goats was performed monthly during one year in Pézenas, South of France, northern mediterranean region. A total of 1303 sheep and goat heads were selected at random. O. ovis larvae were found in 274 sheep out of 631 (43.4%), and the prevalence rate varied(More)
The sheep bot fly, Oestrus ovis, is a very common myiasis of nasal and sinus cavities of sheep and goats causing severe welfare and production implications. As the viability of O. ovis adult flies strictly depends on larval abilities to assimilate and to stock nutrients from the host, it was necessary to investigate proteolytic activities in larval(More)
Concurrent infections of sheep with Oestrus ovis and trichostrongyles of the digestive tract are common in the field. In order to examine the possible occurrence of interactions between these two parasites and the consequences on parasite biology and the associated pathophysiological changes, an experimental study was conducted on four groups of naïve(More)
A survey for oestrosis was carried out in the slaughterhouse at Messine (Sicily) from May 1996 to April 1998. The heads of sheep from local flocks were collected each month. A total of 841 heads were examined according to a validated procedure. 469 (55.8%) were infested by OEstrus ovis larvae. 4423 larvae were harvested: 1829 first instar larvae or L1(More)
The efficacy of the pour-on formulation of eprinomectin, at a dose rate of 0.5 mg/kg bodyweight, was assessed in sheep against three main species of gastrointestinal nematodes and against the nasal bot fly, Oestrus ovis, and some pharmacokinetic parameters were determined for 21 days after the treatment. By comparison with untreated control sheep, infected(More)
The study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of toxoplasmosis in goats in Southern and central Ethiopia between October 2005 and May 2006. A total of 641 goats sera were tested using Modified Direct Agglutination Test (MAT), of which 480 (74.8% CI: 71.3, 78.2) were found to be positive. The highest prevalence was recorded in South(More)