Petya Christova

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Human centrin 2 (HsCen2), a member of the EF-hand superfamily of Ca2+-binding proteins, is commonly associated with centrosome-related structures. The protein is organized in two domains, each containing two EF-hand motifs, but only the C-terminal half exhibits Ca2+ sensor properties. A significant fraction of HsCen2 is localized in the nucleus, where it(More)
Human centrin 2 (HsCen2), an EF-hand calcium binding protein, plays a regulatory role in the DNA damage recognition during the first steps of the nucleotide excision repair. This biological action is mediated by the binding to a short fragment (N847-R863) from the C-terminal region of xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) protein. This work presents a(More)
The thermal unfolding of three SH3 domains of the Tec family of tyrosine kinases was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and CD spectroscopy. The unfolding transition of the three protein domains in the acidic pH region can be described as a reversible two-state process. For all three SH3 domains maximum stability was observed in the pH region 4.5(More)
Centrins are highly conserved calcium-binding proteins involved in the nucleotide-excision repair pathway as a subunit of the heterotrimer including the XPC and hHR23B proteins. A complex formed by a Ca2+-bound human centrin 2 construct (the wild type lacking the first 25 amino acids) with a 17-mer peptide derived from the XPC sequence (residues(More)
Guanosine monophosphate kinases (GMPKs), which catalyze the phosphorylation of GMP and dGMP to their diphosphate form, have been characterized as monomeric enzymes in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Here, we report that GMPK from Escherichia coli (ecGMPK) assembles in solution and in the crystal as several different oligomers. Thermodynamic analysis of ecGMPK(More)
Activation of small G proteins of the Arf family is initiated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors whose catalytic Sec7 domain stimulates the dissociation of the tightly bound GDP nucleotide. The exchange reaction involves distinct sequential steps that can be trapped by the noncompetitive inhibitor brefeldin A, by mutation of an invariant catalytic(More)
In this study, we address the issue of performing meaningful pK(a) calculations using homology modeled three-dimensional (3D) structures and analyze the possibility of using the calculated pK(a) values to detect structural defects in the models. For this purpose, the 3D structure of each member of five large protein families of a bacterial nucleoside(More)
Bacterial nucleoside monophosphate (NMP) kinases, which convert NMPs to nucleoside diphosphates (NDP), are investigated as potential antibacterial targets against pathogenic bacteria. Herein, we report the biochemical and structural characterization of GMP kinase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (GMPKMt). GMPKMt is a monomer with an unusual specificity for(More)
Domain II (residues 189-338, M(r) = 16 222) of glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima was used as a model system to study reversible unfolding thermodynamics of this hyperthermostable enzyme. The protein was produced in large quantities in E.COLI: using a T7 expression system. It was shown that the recombinant(More)
Thermal unfolding of the small hyperthermophilic DNA-binding protein Sso7d was studied by circular dichroism spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The unfolding transition can be described by a reversible two state process. Maximum stability was observed in the region between pH 4.5 and 7.0 where Sso7d unfolds with a melting temperature(More)