Petter Brodin

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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules have fundamental functions in the immune system. Recent studies have suggested that these molecules may also have non-immune functions in the nervous system, in particular related to synaptic function and plasticity. Because adult motoneurons express mRNAs for MHC class I molecules, we have examined(More)
Mass cytometry enables an unprecedented number of parameters to be measured in individual cells at a high throughput, but the large dimensionality of the resulting data severely limits approaches relying on manual "gating." Clustering cells based on phenotypic similarity comes at a loss of single-cell resolution and often the number of subpopulations is(More)
From the early days of natural killer (NK) cell research, it was clear that MHC genes controlled the specificity of mouse NK cell-dependent responses, such as the ability to reject transplanted allogeneic bone marrow and to kill tumour cells. Although several mechanisms that are involved in this 'education' process have been clarified, most of the(More)
Heterogeneity in the natural killer (NK) cell population is determined by variegated expression of polygenic and polymorphic receptors and distinct phenotypes and functions of NK cell subsets. Here, we outline an additional heterogeneity at the level of MHC-dependent education of NK cells. Based on data obtained using polychromatic flow cytometry and mice(More)
There is considerable heterogeneity in immunological parameters between individuals, but its sources are largely unknown. To assess the relative contribution of heritable versus non-heritable factors, we have performed a systems-level analysis of 210 healthy twins between 8 and 82 years of age. We measured 204 different parameters, including cell population(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, single-stranded, noncoding RNAs that play important roles in the regulation of gene expression. We previously identified a characteristic miRNA expression profile in psoriasis, distinct from that of healthy skin. One of the most downregulated miRNAs in psoriasis skin was microRNA-125b (miR-125b). In this study, we aimed to(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells show enhanced functional competence when they express inhibitory receptors specific for inherited major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules. Current models imply that NK cell education requires an interaction of inhibitory receptors with MHC-I expressed on other cells. However, the inhibitory Ly49A receptor can(More)
In this article, we will move beyond the current controversy of different models for NK-cell education and instead discuss the properties characterizing MHC class I-guided functional development of NK cells. We will argue that this development, which represents the endpoint of NK-cell education, is a quantitative and dynamic, and perhaps even reversible,(More)
Murine natural killer (NK) cells express inhibitory Ly49 receptors for MHC class I molecules, which allows for "missing self" recognition of cells that downregulate MHC class I expression. During murine NK cell development, host MHC class I molecules impose an "educating impact" on the NK cell pool. As a result, mice with different MHC class I expression(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells express inhibitory receptors for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I. If self-MHC is down-regulated or absent, lack of inhibition triggers "missing self" killing. NK cells developing in the absence of MHC class I are hypo-responsive, demonstrating that MHC class I molecules are required for NK-cell education. Here, we(More)