Petros Toumpaniaris

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Hemodynamic monitoring is the main component in intensive care unit (ICU). Patients in ICU are under hemodynamic instability and multi-organ failure for some hours or even some days. Volume – pressure relation constitutes the most reliable method for the estimation of central hemodynamic state and ventricular function. Therefore, the evaluation of(More)
Haemodynamic monitoring is necessary for the effective management of critically ill cardiac patients. Pulmonary artery catheterization has been used for monitoring the circulation, for measurement of intracardiac pressures and to estimate preload and afterload. However, pressures may not be accurate reflection of the circulation and simultaneous measurement(More)
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