Petronel Tuluc

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At least 5% of individuals with hypertension have adrenal aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs). Gain-of-function mutations in KCNJ5 and apparent loss-of-function mutations in ATP1A1 and ATP2A3 were reported to occur in APAs. We find that KCNJ5 mutations are common in APAs resembling cortisol-secreting cells of the adrenal zona fasciculata but are absent in(More)
The Ca(2+) channel alpha(1S) subunit (Ca(V)1.1) is the voltage sensor in skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. Upon membrane depolarization, this sensor rapidly triggers Ca(2+) release from internal stores and conducts a slowly activating Ca(2+) current. However, this Ca(2+) current is not essential for skeletal muscle EC coupling. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Cav1.3 voltage-gated L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) are part of postsynaptic neuronal signaling networks. They play a key role in brain function, including fear memory and emotional and drug-taking behaviors. A whole-exome sequencing study identified a de novo mutation, p.A749G, in Cav1.3 α1-subunits (CACNA1D), the second main LTCC in the brain,(More)
L-type calcium channels (Cav1) represent one of the three major classes (Cav1-3) of voltage-gated calcium channels. They were identified as the target of clinically used calcium channel blockers (CCBs; so-called calcium antagonists) and were the first class accessible to biochemical characterization. Four of the 10 known α1 subunits (Cav1.1-Cav1.4) form the(More)
To identify the genetic locus responsible for malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) in an Italian family, we performed linkage analysis to recognized MHS loci. All MHS individuals showed cosegregation of informative markers close to the voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel (Ca(V)) α(1S)-subunit gene (CACNA1S) with logarithm of odds (LOD)-score values that(More)
The skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor is a slowly-activating calcium channel that functions as the voltage sensor in excitation-contraction coupling. In addition to the pore-forming α1S subunit it contains the transmembrane α2δ-1 and γ1 subunits and the cytoplasmic β1a subunit. Although the roles of the auxiliary subunits in calcium channel function(More)
Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 are the main L-type Ca(2+) channel subtypes in the brain. Cav1.3 channels have recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Therefore, Cav1.3-selective blockers are developed as promising neuroprotective drugs. We studied the pharmacological properties of a pyrimidine-2,4,6-trione derivative(More)
L-type Ca(2+) currents determine the shape of cardiac action potentials (AP) and the magnitude of the myoplasmic Ca(2+) signal, which regulates the contraction force. The auxiliary Ca(2+) channel subunits alpha(2)delta-1 and beta(2) are important regulators of membrane expression and current properties of the cardiac Ca(2+) channel (Ca(V)1.2). However,(More)
Antonella Pirone, Johann Schredelseker, Petronel Tuluc, Elvira Gravino, Giuliana Fortunato, Bernhard E. Flucher, Antonella Carsana, Francesco Salvatore, and Manfred Grabner Department of Medical Genetics, Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, and Department of Physiology and Medical Physics, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria; Dipartimento di(More)
Alternative splicing of the skeletal muscle CaV1.1 voltage-gated calcium channel gives rise to two channel variants with very different gating properties. The currents of both channels activate slowly; however, insertion of exon 29 in the adult splice variant CaV1.1a causes an ∼30-mV right shift in the voltage dependence of activation. Existing evidence(More)