Petro Julkunen

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Our aim was to assess the potential of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-evoked electroencephalographic (EEG) responses in studying neuronal reactivity and cortical connectivity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We studied 14 right-handed subjects: five patients with AD, five patients with MCI and four(More)
Collagen fibrils of articular cartilage have specific depth-dependent orientations and the fibrils bend in the cartilage surface to exhibit split-lines. Fibrillation of superficial collagen takes place in osteoarthritis. We aimed to investigate the effect of superficial collagen fibril patterns and collagen fibrillation of cartilage on stresses and strains(More)
OBJECTIVE The structure and composition of articular cartilage change during development and growth. These changes lead to alterations in the mechanical properties of cartilage. In the present study, biomechanical, biochemical and structural relationships of articular cartilage during growth and maturation of rabbits are investigated. DESIGN Articular(More)
The equilibrium Young's modulus of articular cartilage is known to be primarily determined by proteoglycans (PGs). However, the relation between the Poisson's ratio and the composition and structure of articular cartilage is more unclear. In this study, we determined Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio of bovine articular cartilage in unconfined(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed at comparing the effects of two different electrode-to-skin contact preparation techniques on the stimulus artefact induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in electroencephalography (EEG) signals. METHODS Six healthy subjects participated in a combined navigated brain stimulation (NBS) and EEG study. Electrode contacts were(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by the changes in structure and composition of articular cartilage. However, it is not fully known, what is the depth-wise change in two major components of the cartilage solid matrix, i.e., collagen and proteoglycans (PGs), during OA progression. Further, it is unknown how the depth-wise changes affect local(More)
Inhibitory silent period (SP) is a transient suppression of voluntary muscle activity after depolarization of representative motor neuronal populations following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Our aim was to evaluate and present an optimal protocol for the measurement of SP by (1) determining the impact of muscle activation level and stimulus(More)
Load-bearing characteristics of articular cartilage are impaired during tissue degeneration. Quantitative microscopy enables in vitro investigation of cartilage structure but determination of tissue functional properties necessitates experimental mechanical testing. The fibril-reinforced poroviscoelastic (FRPVE) model has been used successfully for(More)
Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is a complex public health problem causing increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Traditionally, evaluation of the severity of the disease is based on Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI). It is defined as the average number of apnea and hypopnea events per hour during sleep. However, e.g. the total duration and the morphology(More)
OBJECTIVE The structure and composition of articular cartilage change during development and growth, as well as in response to varying loading conditions. These changes modulate the functional properties of cartilage. We studied maturation-related changes in the collagen network organization of cartilage as a function of tissue depth. DESIGN Articular(More)