Petrina A Georgala

Learn More
Levels of expression of the transcription factor Pax6 vary throughout corticogenesis in a rostro-lateral(high) to caudo-medial(low) gradient across the cortical proliferative zone. Previous loss-of-function studies have indicated that Pax6 is required for normal cortical progenitor proliferation, neuronal differentiation, cortical lamination and cortical(More)
The ventricular zone (VZ) of the embryonic dorsal telencephalon is a major site for generating cortical projection neurons. The transcription factor Pax6 is highly expressed in apical progenitors (APs) residing in the VZ from the earliest stages of corticogenesis. Previous studies mainly focused on Pax6(-/-) mice have implicated Pax6 in regulating cortical(More)
Pax6 encodes a highly conserved transcriptional regulator with two DNA-binding motifs, a paired domain and a paired-like homeodomain. Humans carrying PAX6 loss-of-function mutations suffer from abnormal development of the eyes (congenital aniridia) and brain. Small eye mice carrying Pax6 loss-of-function mutations provide a good model for these human(More)
During embryogenesis, the pallial-subpallial boundary (PSB) divides the two main progenitor domains in the telencephalon: the pallium, the major source of excitatory neurons, and the subpallium, the major source of inhibitory neurons. The PSB is formed at the molecular interface between the pallial (high Pax6+) and subpallial (high Gsx2+) ventricular zone(More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian cerebral cortex forms in an inside-out manner, establishing deep cortical layers before superficial layers and is regulated by transcription factors which influence cell differentiation. Preterm birth interrupts the trajectory of normal neurodevelopment and adverse perinatal exposures have been implicated in cortical injury. We(More)
  • 1