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The excitation threshold of the human motor cortex was estimated on the basis of electroencephalographic responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation. The hand area of the primary motor cortex was stimulated at 10 intensities, for seven healthy individuals. The four dominant peaks of the overall brain response could be reliably determined when(More)
Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with electroencephalography (nTMS-EEG), allows noninvasive studies of cortical excitability and connectivity in humans. We investigated the reproducibility of nTMS-EEG in seven healthy subjects by repeating left motor and prefrontal cortical stimulation with a 1-week interval. TMS was applied at three(More)
Previous studies have shown that a significant part of the overall energy consumption of battery-powered mobile devices is caused by network data transmission. Power models that describe the power consumption behavior of the network data transmission are therefore an essential tool in estimating the battery lifetime and in minimizing the energy usage of(More)
—The growing popularity of mobile internet services, characterized by heavy network transmission, intensive computation and an always-on display, poses a great challenge to the battery lifetime of mobile devices. To manage the power consumption in an efficient way, it is essential to understand how the power is consumed at the system level and to be able to(More)
BACKGROUND Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is increasingly used in presurgical brain mapping. Preoperative nTMS results correlate well with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) data in the identification of the primary motor cortex. Repetitive nTMS can also be used for mapping of speech-sensitive cortical areas. OBJECTIVE The current(More)
Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and tractography allows investigating functional anatomy of the human brain with high precision. Here we demonstrate that working memory (WM) processing of tactile temporal information is facilitated by delivering a single TMS pulse to the(More)
—Wireless data transmission consumes a significant part of the overall energy consumption of smartphones, due to the popularity of Internet applications. In this paper we investigate the energy consumption characteristics of data transmission over Wi-Fi, focusing on the effect of Internet flow characteristics and network environment. We present(More)
A psychological test battery was administered to a group of 43 rotogravure printers exposed to toluene (mean age 41 years, mean duration of exposure 22 years) and to a referent group comprising 31 offset printers of the same age. Eighteen of the rotogravure printers and one of the referents were heavy drinkers of alcohol. The test battery included tests for(More)
OBJECTIVE This article explores the feasibility of a novel repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rnTMS) system and compares language mapping results obtained by rnTMS in healthy volunteers and brain tumor patients. METHODS Fifteen right-handed healthy volunteers and 50 right-handed consecutive patients with left-sided gliomas were(More)