Petri Savolainen

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Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with electroencephalography (nTMS-EEG), allows noninvasive studies of cortical excitability and connectivity in humans. We investigated the reproducibility of nTMS-EEG in seven healthy subjects by repeating left motor and prefrontal cortical stimulation with a 1-week interval. TMS was applied at three(More)
Previous studies have shown that a significant part of the overall energy consumption of battery-powered mobile devices is caused by network data transmission. Power models that describe the power consumption behavior of the network data transmission are therefore an essential tool in estimating the battery lifetime and in minimizing the energy usage of(More)
BACKGROUND Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is increasingly used in presurgical brain mapping. Preoperative nTMS results correlate well with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) data in the identification of the primary motor cortex. Repetitive nTMS can also be used for mapping of speech-sensitive cortical areas. OBJECTIVE The current(More)
Energy consumption of wireless data communications on mobile devices is growing due to the increase in mobile data traffic caused by the popularity of mobile Internet applications. To address this issue, we propose CasCap, a novel cloud-assisted context-aware power management framework, which takes advantage of the processing, storage and networking(More)
The excitation threshold of the human motor cortex was estimated on the basis of electroencephalographic responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation. The hand area of the primary motor cortex was stimulated at 10 intensities, for seven healthy individuals. The four dominant peaks of the overall brain response could be reliably determined when(More)
Previous studies indicate that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with biphasic pulses applied approximately over the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) suppresses performance in vibrotactile temporal discrimination tasks; these previous results, however, do not allow separating perceptual influence from memory or decision-making. Moreover, earlier(More)
Wireless data transmission consumes a significant part of the overall energy consumption of smartphones, due to the popularity of Internet applications. In this paper, we investigate the energy consumption characteristics of data transmission over Wi-Fi, focusing on the effect of Internet flow characteristics and network environment. We present(More)
The growing popularity of mobile internet services, characterized by heavy network transmission, intensive computation and an always-on display, poses a great challenge to the battery lifetime of mobile devices. To manage the power consumption in an efficient way, it is essential to understand how the power is consumed at the system level and to be able to(More)
Tactile working memory (WM) is improved by increasing top-down suppression of interfering sensory processing in S1 via a link from the middle frontal gyrus (MFG) to S1. Here we studied in healthy subjects whether the efficacy of top-down suppression varies with submodality of sensory interference. Navigated stimulation of the MFG-S1 link significantly(More)