Petri J. Vainio

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Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) migrate from the blood into areas of inflammation by binding to the endothelial cells of blood vessels via adhesion molecules. Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is one of the molecules mediating leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. It is also an endothelial cell-surface enzyme (amine oxidase) that produces reactive(More)
Redox modulation participates in the regulation of intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in several cell types. In thyroid cells, including FRTL-5 cells, changes in [Ca(2+)](i) regulate several important functions, including the production of H(2)O(2) (hydrogen peroxide). As H(2)O(2) is of crucial importance for the production of thyroid(More)
Cotinine is the major metabolite of nicotine. It has nicotine-like biological activity, but its potency is low. We studied cotinine binding to nicotinic receptors labelled with [3H]epibatidine. In membranes from cultured bovine chromaffin cells [3H]epibatidine bound to two apparent sites with K(d) values of 93 and 1400 pM. The low-affinity binding(More)
We investigated the mechanism of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activation in response to the P2 receptor agonist ATP in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells. The PLA(2) activity was determined by measuring the release of [(3)H]-arachidonic acid (AA) from prelabeled cells. ATP evoked a dose- and time-dependent AA release. This release was totally inhibited by pertussis(More)
1. We studied the effect of cotinine, a slowly eliminated metabolite of nicotine, on protein kinase C (PKC) distribution and noradrenaline release in primary cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Changes in PKC activity were detected by [3H]-phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate binding, histone phosphorylation assay and by Western blot. 2. Cotinine (10-32 mM)(More)
Redox modulation is involved in the regulation of the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in several cell types. In thyroid cells, including thyroid FRTL-5 cells, changes in [Ca2+]i regulate important functions. In the present study we investigated the effects of the oxidizing compounds thimerosal and t-butyl hydroperoxide on [Ca2+]i in(More)
Objective: To find novel inhibitors of mast cell function we have studied the effect of a potent, non-antimicrobial, chemically modified tetracycline, CMT-3 or COL-3, on key functions of mast cells. Methods and Results: In the presence of 25 μM CMT-3, the 48/80-induced histamine release from rat serosal mast cells was inhibited significantly, to 43.0 ± 7.3%(More)
Cytotoxicity of erythromycin base, erythromycin estolate, erythromycin-11,12-cyclic carbonate, roxithromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycin was compared in cultured human non-malignant Chang liver cells using reduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide and cellular protein concentration as end points of toxicity.(More)
Erythromycin base and its different salts and esters were given intragastrically to mice. Serum concentrations of erythromycin and its 2'-esters were determined by the bacterial growth inhibition method. Acetyl and propionyl erythromycin were the best absorbed 2'-esters, and differed significantly from butyryl erythromycin and erythromycin base.(More)