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OBJECT The most severe complication of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is diabetic nephropathy. It is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular complications and premature death and requires early detection to be efficiently treated. The clinical practice to diagnose diabetic nephropathy is also a non-optimal and tedious set up based on albumin excretion rate in(More)
Proton NMR spectroscopy as a means to quantify lipoprotein subclasses has received wide clinical interest. The experimental part is a fast routine procedure that contrasts favourably to other lipoprotein measurement protocols. The difficulties in using (1)H NMR, however, are in uncovering the subclass specific information from the overlapping data. The(More)
Subtle metabolic changes precede and accompany chronic vascular complications, which are the primary causes of premature death in diabetes. To obtain a multimetabolite characterization of these high-risk individuals, we measured proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) data from the serum of 613 patients with type I diabetes and a diverse spread of(More)
BACKGROUND A key challenge in metabonomics is to uncover quantitative associations between multidimensional spectroscopic data and biochemical measures used for disease risk assessment and diagnostics. Here we focus on clinically relevant estimation of lipoprotein lipids by 1H NMR spectroscopy of serum. RESULTS A Bayesian methodology, with a biochemical(More)
Because of differences in energy yield and oxygen demand, the selection of oxidative fuels is important in the hypoxic or ischemic heart muscle. The aim of the present study was to clarify the contradictions observed in the effects of workload and fatty acid supply on myocardial fuel preference in isolated perfused rat hearts. Nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
1 Computational Medicine Research Group, Laboratory of Computational Engineering, Systems Biology and Bioinformation Technology, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland, 2 FinnDiane Study Group, Folkhälsan Research Center, Folkhälsan Insititute of Genetics, Biomedicum Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland, 3 Division of Nephrology, Department of(More)
Fatty acids are the main fuel for the myocardium in vivo. They increase oxygen consumption, but the regulation of their beta-oxidation is not well known. Since Ca2+ and matrix volume have been implicated in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation in liver mitochondria, we set out to investigate the effects of Ca2+ on cellular respiration and energetics in(More)
(1)H NMR spectra of plasma are known to provide specific information on lipoprotein subclasses in the form of complex overlapping resonances. A combination of (1)H NMR and self-organising map (SOM) analysis was applied to investigate if automated characterisation of subclass-related metabolic interactions can be achieved. To reliably assess the intrinsic(More)
Aquatic humic solutes were separated in parallel by the non-ionic macroporous DAX-8 and XAD-8 resins from four different fresh water sources. On average, the sorptive power of the DAX-8 resin does not differ systematically from that of the XAD-8 resin. The DAX-8 resin seems to have more precise column characteristics compared with the XAD-8 resin. There was(More)