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The plant signalling molecule auxin provides positional information in a variety of developmental processes by means of its differential distribution (gradients) within plant tissues. Thus, cellular auxin levels often determine the developmental output of auxin signalling. Conceptually, transmembrane transport and metabolic processes regulate the(More)
The bacterial quorum sensing signals N-acyl-L: -homoserine lactones enable bacterial cells to regulate gene expression depending on population density, in order to undertake collective actions such as the infection of host cells. Only little is known about the molecular ways of plants reacting to these bacterial signals. In this study we show that the(More)
The phytohormone auxin acts as a prominent signal, providing, by its local accumulation or depletion in selected cells, a spatial and temporal reference for changes in the developmental program. The distribution of auxin depends on both auxin metabolism (biosynthesis, conjugation and degradation) and cellular auxin transport. We identified in silico a novel(More)
As many processes are regulated by both light and plant hormones, evaluation of diurnal variations of their levels may contribute to the elucidation of the complex network of light and hormone signal transduction pathways. Diurnal variation of cytokinin, auxin, and abscisic acid levels was tested in tobacco leaves (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Wisconsin 38)(More)
Drought is one of the most significant threats to world agriculture and hampers the supply of food and energy. The mechanisms of drought responses can be studied using resurrection plants that are able to survive extreme dehydration. As plant hormones function in an intensive cross-talk, playing important regulatory roles in the perception and response to(More)
Resistance to infection in plants can be induced by treatment with various chemicals. One such compound is β-aminobutyric acid (BABA). Its positive effect on disease resistance has been noted in several pathosystems. Here we demonstrate that treatment with BABA protects Brassica napus plants from infection by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans.(More)
The activity of the phytohormone cytokinin depends on a complex interplay of factors such as its metabolism, transport, stability, and cellular/tissue localization. O-glucosides of zeatin-type cytokinins are postulated to be storage and/or transport forms, and are readily deglucosylated. Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Petit Havana SR1) plants(More)
Polar auxin transport (PAT) plays key roles in the regulation of plant growth and development. Flavonoids have been implicated in the inhibition of PAT. However, the active flavonoid derivative(s) involved in this process in vivo has not yet been identified. Here, we provide evidence that a specific flavonol bis-glycoside is correlated with shorter plant(More)
Cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX) is the only known enzyme involved in cytokinin catabolism. Genes coding for two Arabidopsis CKX isoforms, AtCKX1 and AtCKX2, were introduced separately into a binary cloning vector, immobilized into Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain GV3101, and introduced into root explants of centaury (Centaurium erythraea Rafn.). The(More)
The activity of the phytohormone cytokinin depends on a complex interplay of factors such as its metabolism , transport, stability, and cellular/tissue local-ization. O-glucosides of zeatin-type cytokinins are postulated to be storage and/or transport forms, and are readily deglucosylated. Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Petit Havana SR1)(More)